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General Science and Engineering Indicators
R&D Investment Patterns
R&D Investment by Selected Country
Academic R&D Investment by Selected Country and S&E Field
U.S. R&D Investment by Selected Source of Support
U.S. R&D Investment by Selected Performing Sector
U.S. R&D Investment by Federal Budget Function
U.S. Federal Research Investment by Selected Agency and S&E Field
S&E Workforce Development
Knowledge Output

Selected Education Indicators
High School Completion Patterns
High School Teachers
Higher Education Enrollments

Selected Global Marketplace Indicators


The Department of Health and Human Services (primarily the National Institutes of Health, or NIH) accounts for most federal support for research and chiefly in the life sciences, while the Department of Defense (DoD) accounts for much of the federal research investment in engineering.

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Why is this indicator important?

  • Patterns of research funding by federal agency reflect government priorities and influence the development of specific fields of science and engineering.

Key Observations

  • Federal investment in life sciences research totaled about $27.8 billion in FY 2007, largely related to support provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
  • Federal investment in engineering research totaled about $9.5 billion that year, largely due to support provided by DoD.
  • Funding from DOE largely accounts for the level of federal research investment in the physical sciences, which reached about $2.4 billion in FY 2007.

Related Discussion

  • Most recently, patterns of U.S. federal R&D investment have reflected renewed focus in national security areas (SEI 2008 Figure 4-11).