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July 1997 Frontiers cover, Bizarre Life Forms Thrive Beneath Earth's Surface

Bizarre Life Forms Thrive Beneath Earth's Surface

July/August 1997


Bizarre Life Forms Thrive Beneath Earth's Surface
Hot vents at the bottom of the ocean provide evidence of a thriving, subsurface biosphere.

Engineering Sight: Advances in Artificial Retina Development
A new computer chip may help blind patients see again.

Study Pulls the Plug on Arctic's Carbon Sink
Researchers find the arctic tundra releases as much carbon as it takes in.

Minority Students Make Gains in Science and Engineering
In 1982, only 30 percent of black, Hispanic and American Indian high school students had taken geometry; by 1992, the number had jumped to 60 percent. Other math and science subjects had similar success stories.


NSF Names New Computer Partnerships
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and University of California at San Diego were chosen to lead the National Computational Science Alliances.

NSF to Adopt New Merit Review Criteria
Starting in October 1997, NSF will introduce two new criteria for the grant review process.

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About the cover:
Using the submersible Alvin, scientists are exploring indications of Earth's subterranean biosphere.

Credit: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution


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