Email Print Share
June 20, 2019

Iceland volcano eruption did not spawn extreme heat wave

The Laki volcano in Iceland. It is not a typical mountain and its fissure to the right stretch into the distance. Recent research shows that an enormous eruption by Laki from 1783-1784 did not cause an extreme summer heat wave in Europe, rather, as Benjamin Franklin speculated, the eruption triggered an unusually cold winter. The research will help improve predictions of how the climate will respond to future high-latitude volcanic eruptions.

This research was supported in part by the National Science Foundation (grant AGS 14-30051). Read more in the Rutgers news story Iceland volcano eruption in 1783-84 did not spawn extreme heat wave. (Date image taken: Aug. 31, 2002 ; date originally posted to NSF Multimedia Gallery: June 20, 2019)

Credit: Alan Robock, Rutgers University

Images and other media in the National Science Foundation Multimedia Gallery are available for use in print and electronic material by NSF employees, members of the media, university staff, teachers and the general public. All media in the gallery are intended for personal, educational and nonprofit/non-commercial use only.

Images credited to the National Science Foundation, a federal agency, are in the public domain. The images were created by employees of the United States Government as part of their official duties or prepared by contractors as "works for hire" for NSF. You may freely use NSF-credited images and, at your discretion, credit NSF with a "Courtesy: National Science Foundation" notation.

Additional information about general usage can be found in Conditions.

Also Available:
Download the high-resolution JPG version of the image. (2.2 MB)

Use your mouse to right-click (Mac users may need to Ctrl-click) the link above and choose the option that will save the file or target to your computer.