Table 4-3
U.S. R&D expenditures, by performing sector, source of funds, and character of work: 2011
 
Source of funds ($millions)
Performing sector and character of work Total  Business  Federal
government
Universities
and colleges
Nonfederal
government
Other
nonprofit
organizations
Total
expenditures
(% distribution)
 
R&D 424,413 267,290 125,686 12,488 3,832 15,117 100.0
Business 294,093 262,784 31,309 * * * 69.3
Federal government 49,394 * 49,394 * * * 11.6
Federal intramural 31,505 * 31,505 * * * 7.4
FFRDCs 17,889 * 17,889 * * * 4.2
Industry administered 7,037 * 7,037 * * * 1.7
U&C administered 5,294 * 5,294 * * * 1.2
Nonprofit administered 5,558 * 5,558 * * * 1.3
Universities and colleges 63,102 3,173 38,710 12,488 3,832 4,899 14.9
Other nonprofit organizations 17,825 1,333 6,274 * * 10,218 4.2
Percent distribution by source 100.0 63.0 29.6 2.9 0.9 3.6 na
 
Basic research 74,961 15,072 40,913 7,828 2,402 8,744 100.0
Business 13,020 12,343 677 * * * 17.4
Federal government 11,467 * 11,467 * * * 15.3
Federal intramural 4,875 * 4,875 * * * 6.5
FFRDCs 6,592 * 6,592 * * * 8.8
Industry administered 2,761 * 2,761 * * * 3.7
U&C administered 2,212 * 2,212 * * * 3.0
Nonprofit administered 1,619 * 1,619 * * * 2.2
Universities and colleges 40,952 1,989 25,662 7,828 2,402 3,071 54.6
Other nonprofit organizations 9,521 740 3,108 * * 5,673 12.7
Percent distribution by source 100.0 20.1 54.6 10.4 3.2 11.7 na
 
Applied research 82,379 43,947 30,311 3,255 999 3,866 100.0
Business 47,186 42,782 4,404 * * * 57.3
Federal government 12,885 * 12,885 * * * 15.6
Federal intramural 7,747 * 7,747 * * * 9.4
FFRDCs 5,138 * 5,138 * * * 6.2
Industry administered 2,223 * 2,223 * * * 2.7
U&C administered 1,314 * 1,314 * * * 1.6
Nonprofit administered 1,602 * 1,602 * * * 1.9
Universities and colleges 16,614 827 10,256 3,255 999 1,277 20.2
Other nonprofit organizations 5,693 338 2,766 * * 2,590 6.9
Percent distribution by source 100.0 53.3 36.8 4.0 1.2 4.7 na
 
Development 267,074 208,271 54,461 1,405 431 2,506 100.0
Business 233,887 207,659 26,228 * * * 87.6
Federal government 25,041 * 25,041 * * * 9.4
Federal intramural 18,884 * 18,884 * * * 7.1
FFRDCs 6,158 * 6,158 * * * 2.3
Industry administered 2,053 * 2,053 * * * 0.8
U&C administered 1,768 * 1,768 * * * 0.7
Nonprofit administered 2,336 * 2,336 * * * 0.9
Universities and colleges 5,536 357 2,792 1,405 431 551 2.1
Other nonprofit organizations 2,610 255 400 * * 1,955 1.0
Percent distribution by source 100.0 78.0 20.4 0.5 0.2 0.9 na
 

* = small to negligible amount, included as part of the funding provided by other sectors; na = not applicable.

FFRDC = federally funded R&D center; U&C = university and college.

NOTES: Funding for FFRDC performance is chiefly federal, but any nonfederal support is included in the federal figures. State and local government support to business is included in business support for business performance.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2014