Table 1-2 | ||||||
Changes in NAEP mathematics and science score gaps between selected groups of students in grades 4 and 8: 1990–2011 | ||||||
Change in score gap |
||||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
Grade 4 mathematics |
Grade 8 mathematics |
Grade 8 science |
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Score gap between selected groups of students | 1990–2011 | 1990–2011 | 2009–11^{a} | |||
Males and females | ≈ | ≈ | ≈ | |||
Whites and blacks | ↓ | ≈ | ↓ | |||
White males and black males | ↓ | ≈ | ↓ | |||
White females and black females | ↓ | ≈ | ≈ | |||
Whites and Hispanics^{b} | ≈ | ≈ | ↓ | |||
White males and Hispanic males | ≈ | ≈ | ↓ | |||
White females and Hispanic females | ≈ | ≈ | ↓ | |||
Students from low-income families and those from other families^{c} | ≈ | ≈ | ≈ | |||
Low-performing students and high-performing students^{d} | ↓ | ≈ | ↓ | |||
Public school students and private school students | ≈ | ≈ | ≈ | |||
≈ = no change; ↓ = decrease.
NAEP = National Assessment of Educational Progress. ^{a} Changes in science score gaps for grade 8 are presented only for 2009–11 because prior assessments were not comparable with those in or after 2009. NOTE: From 1996 on, students were allowed to use testing accommodations. SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, special tabulations (2012) of NAEP 1990, 1996, and 2011 mathematics assessments and of NAEP 2009 and 2011 science assessments, National Center for Education Statistics. See appendix tables Science and Engineering Indicators 2014 |