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National Science Foundation National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics
Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2009–11


General Notes


This report is volume 59 of the Federal Funds series of detailed statistical tables. It presents data collected by the Survey of Federal Funds for Research and Development for the federal fiscal years 2009–11. In July 2010 the survey was sent to all federal agencies identified as conducting R&D programs, and 27 agencies reported R&D funding levels as of the second quarter of FY 2009. The basis for reporting is determined by fiscal year:

  • FY 2009 data are completed transactions
  • FY 2010 data are estimates of congressional appropriation actions and apportionment and reprogramming decisions
  • FY 2011 data are estimates of administration budget proposals not yet acted on

Subsequent volumes in this series will show authorization, appropriation, deferral, and apportionment actions completed after these data were collected.

The data tables provide R&D totals as outlays and obligations. Obligations data are sorted as follows:

  • Character of work (basic research, applied research, development, and R&D plant)
  • Federal agency
  • Field of science or engineering (for research but not for development)
  • Geographical area
  • Performer

Each year, agencies report obligations or outlays incurred or expected to be incurred in that year, no matter when the agencies' funds were authorized, appropriated, or received. Agencies report R&D funding whether or not their budgets itemize funds for research, development, and R&D plant.

Because many agency R&D programs are not identified as budget line items, agency officials must identify R&D and R&D plant activities within broader programs. Accuracy of the data depends on how well federal respondents meet these survey requirements. In 2009 the Department of the Air Force (AF) notified the National Science Foundation (NSF) that it had not reported Budget Activity (BA) 6.7 Operational Systems Development to the survey since FY 2000 because the agency misunderstood the reporting requirements. For this report AF revised actual data for FY 2000–07 to include BA 6.7 Operational Systems Development and correctly reported FY 2008 (actual) data. AF did not revise preliminary data for FY 2009 and FY 2010; therefore, these data are not comparable to FY 2008 data.

For trend comparisons, use only the historical data for FY 1990–2011 in tables 89–124 of this report. These tables incorporate changes agencies have made in prior-year data to reflect program reclassifications. Do not use data published earlier.

Federal Funds for Research and Development: Fiscal Years 2009–11
Detailed Statistical Tables | NSF 12-318 | July 2012


FY 2009 Department of Defense R&D data are underreported by $7.7 billion in this report. Air Force underreported data for major systems development by a considerable amount and slightly overreported data for basic research, applied research, and advanced technology development. Air Force has since corrected these data. Revised FY 2009 data will be available in volume 60 (FY 2010–12) of the Federal Funds series of detailed statistical tables. Revised FY 2009 data will also be available in the forthcoming update of Science and Engineering State Profiles.