Domestic Nuclear Detection Office-National Science Foundation Academic Research Initiative (ARI)
Clark V. Cooper is Senior Advisor for Science and Head of the Office of Multidisciplinary Activities in the Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences at the National Science Foundation. Prior to being appointed to this position, he was Director of the Materials and Surface Engineering program at NSF, a position that he held from February 2006 through October 2012. At NSF, he has been active in championing modeling and simulation, including leadership in the planning and execution of a two-continent study, a strategic directions workshop, and an OSTP-sanctioned Fast Track Action Committee. He also has been active in promoting research at the intersection of the physical and life sciences, including the co-founding of an active and productive partnership with the National Cancer Institute. Prior to his commencement at NSF in early 2006, he was Principal Scientist at United Technologies Research Center in Connecticut and Adjunct Professor in the Institute of Materials Science at University of Connecticut in Storrs, where he pursued fundamental and applied research in the general area of surface science and engineering, focusing on the use of various physical (PVD) and chemical (CVD) vapor deposition processes to synthesize hard and protective coatings and the application of thermo-chemical processes to alter the surface structure and properties of materials. He and his colleagues demonstrated the effectiveness of coating and surface modification techniques, including high intensity plasma ion processing (HIPIP), to impart remarkable improvements in the hardness, wear and corrosion resistance, and surface and bending fatigue of ferrous alloys. He and his collaborators successfully applied ab initio modeling to elucidate the active mechanisms in various additive compounds for synthetic lubricants and developed novel approaches to integrate length and time scales for innovative multi-scale models. In addition, his research has advanced the understanding and improved the properties of materials and coatings for use at elevated temperatures and in other extreme environments. Cooper holds a B.S. from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and a Ph.D. in Materials Science from Northwestern University.