Collage: Bioscience

Collage: Bioscience
Caption: An abstract graphic depicting Bioscience includes an artistic perspective of a double helix, sunflowers, microscopic cholera and illuminated jellyfish. These components are just a few examples of the many subjects and components of Bioscience.
Source: NSF, Sara Raimo

Cholera: Photo: Microscopic image of Vibrio cholera, cholera
Caption: The Cholera study was Dr. Colwell's primary focus for many years.
Source: Dr. Rita Colwell, Director of The National Science Foundation
NOTE: Dr. Colwell's personal research material, if for other than her speeches...ASK PERMISSION.

Sunflowers: Image: Sunflowers
Caption: Agricultural Research Service scientists in Fargo, N.D., may have found the mystery culprit behind unsightly blemishes that began turning up on confection sunflower seeds in 1998. At first, the prime suspect was a species of disease-causing Alternaria fungus, a common pathogen of sunflower crops. But studies by ARS scientists Thomas Gulya and Laurence Charlet with the agency's Northern Crop Science Laboratory in Fargo exonerated the fungus. When they sprayed sunflower plants with fungicide and then examined the seeds later in the season, many still harbored spots, otherwise known as kernel brown spot. When the plants were sprayed with insecticide, however, the incidence of blemishes dropped sharply
Source: USDA

Double Helix: DNA with Features
caption: Cells are the fundamental working units of every living system. All the instructions needed to direct their activities are contained within the chemical DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
Source: U.S. Department of Energy Human Genome Program,

Jellyfish: Photo: Bioluminescence Aequorea aequorea
Caption: Bioluminescence is a complex chemical reaction within a cell, which releases energy in the form of light. Researchers theorize that this illumination is a form of intra-species and inter-species communication. This natural light show can be seen in a wide variety of marine organisms, such as the Aequorea aequorea, pictured here. The work on the photoprotein aequorin obtained from this jellyfish (Aequorea) was supported by NSF grants from 1960 until July, 2001.
Source: Dr. Osamu Shimomura, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA
Permission to use this image is given only for the following purpose, as stated by the owner of the image: --usage is restricted to non-commercial purposes only.

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