Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics Education: A Nation Advancing?
NSF-funded report by National Research Council shifts focus from high-stakes assessments to measuring continuing progress
Today the National Research Council (NRC) released a report, "Monitoring Progress Toward Successful K-12 STEM Education." The report builds on previous work in this area, and establishes key indicators for measuring improvements to the K-12 science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education system.
The report recognizes the important foundation laid in elementary school and sets out three goals for U.S. K-12 STEM education:
The report emphasizes that making informed decisions about improvements to education in STEM requires research and data about the content and quality of the curriculum, teachers' content knowledge, and the use of instructional practices that have been shown to improve outcomes. However, large-scale data are not available in a readily accessible form, largely because state and federal data systems provide information about schools (personnel, organization and enrollment) rather than schooling (key elements of the learning process).
A major emphasis of this report is to determine what relevant data already exist and identify additional research and data needs. For example, tallying minutes per week spent on science in elementary schools would provide an important picture about the extent to which students are being engaged in science content and practices prior to their arrival at middle school. In addition, gathering data about schools that call themselves "STEM Schools" would give educators and parents more information about student learning and progress in those environments.
The authors note that this moment is ripe for addressing some of the challenges associated with STEM teaching and learning, particularly for groups that are underrepresented in the STEM fields. The authors point out that the Common Core State Standards in mathematics have been adopted by 45 states and three U.S. Territories. At the same point in time, A Framework for K-12 Science Education, which the NRC published earlier this year, lays the foundation for new science standards that emphasize conceptual understanding of key ideas in each discipline, greater coherence across grade levels and the practices of science and mathematics. Along with educational reforms around the country, these changes have the potential, per the report, to engage students in ways that better prepare them for postsecondary study and STEM careers, and eventually, to address current and future societal challenges and participate in an increasingly global and technologically driven society.
"This report is a tremendous resource for advancing STEM education in K-12 schools," said Joan Ferrini-Mundy, NSF's assistant director for Education and Human Resources. "We look forward to working with our colleagues within and beyond NSF towards the goals laid out in the report."
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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