News From the Field
POLARBEAR seeks cosmic answers in microwave polarization
October 21, 2014
This material is available primarily for archival purposes. Telephone numbers or other contact information may be out of date; please see current contact information at media contacts.Based on measurements of B-mode polarization in cosmic microwave background radiation, last March, BICEP2 reported the detection of gravitational waves caused by inflation in the early universe. The POLARBEAR experiment is studying this B-mode polarization to answer other questions: What is the overall structure of matter in the universe? What are the masses of neutrinos? And what is the nature of dark matter and dark energy? New data proves the feasibility of this approach. Full Story
University of California, Berkeley
The U.S. National Science Foundation propels the nation forward by advancing fundamental research in all fields of science and engineering. NSF supports research and people by providing facilities, instruments and funding to support their ingenuity and sustain the U.S. as a global leader in research and innovation. With a fiscal year 2020 budget of $8.3 billion, NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 40,000 competitive proposals and makes about 11,000 new awards. Those awards include support for cooperative research with industry, Arctic and Antarctic research and operations, and U.S. participation in international scientific efforts.