Polar Neutrino Observatory Takes a Big Step Forward
For still images contact Peter West. For B-roll of IceCube drilling operations at NSF's Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station and animations of the nature of neutrinos, contact Dena Headlee at (703)292-7739.
During the recent austral summer, an international team of scientists and engineers took a major step forward in building a subglacial instrument known as IceCube, which is designed to detect high-energy subatomic particles called neutrinos. The team harnessed a sophisticated hot-water drill to install hundreds of basketball-sized optical modules in the South Pole ice sheet that will eventually form a detector encompassing a cubic kilometer of ice.
Through a joint project of its Office of Polar Programs and its mathematical and physical sciences directorate, NSF is contributing more than $240 million to the international partnership that is building the $272-million detector. Germany, Sweden and Belgium are also contributing to the project. The University of Wisconsin-Madison is leading the drilling and science operations.
Neutrinos are created in galactic collisions, distant black holes, quasars and a host of the most violent events in the cosmos. When fully operational, IceCube will use 4,200 light-sensing modules to sample neutrinos from the sky in the Northern Hemisphere, using the Earth as a filter to exclude other types of neutrinos, such as those from the Sun.
Once the holes are drilled, 1.5-mile (2.5-kilometer) cables holding the spherical digital optical modules--which are composed of electronics for sensing light and circuit boards for gathering and processing data--are frozen in place. The modules detect evidence of neutrinos when they collide with other particles. The devices then relay data to the surface where the information is processed and stored for analysis.
The IceCube project is an international collaboration of scientists from more than 30 scientific organizations and more than a dozen U.S. universities.
The National Science Foundation (NSF) is an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across all fields of science and engineering. In fiscal year (FY) 2016, its budget is $7.5 billion. NSF funds reach all 50 states through grants to nearly 2,000 colleges, universities and other institutions. Each year, NSF receives more than 48,000 competitive proposals for funding and makes about 12,000 new funding awards. NSF also awards about $626 million in professional and service contracts yearly.
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