Studying factors that put kids at risk when biking or walking (Image 4)
Researchers at the University of Iowa's (UI) College of Liberal Arts & Sciences received support from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to create a simulator they call the Hank Virtual Environments Lab, which they have used to better understand factors that put children at risk when crossing the street on a bike or on foot. Now, with Department of Transportation support, the researchers are turning their attention to the area of "distracted walking," studying people who cross the street while texting.
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Joe Kearney, the associate dean for research and infrastructure at UI, and Jodie Plumert, a psychology professor at UI who specializes in developmental science, want to learn more about the decision-making process children use when deciding when best to cross a street with the ultimate goal of giving parents information that could help them when they're discussing safety with young children.
NSF's Directorate for Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences supported is supporting this research (grant BCS 12-51694) and NSF's Computer & Information Science & Engineering Directorate supported development of the simulator (grant CNS 13-05131).
The simulator allows them to perform the sort of experimental work that would be impossible in the field. Thanks to built-in, motion-tracking technology, the team can render the correct viewpoint for a person in real-time. When the person speeds up or turns, the virtual world immediately follows suit.
Most of the data the team has collected focus on children crossing the street on bicycles; for comparison, adults were also tested. Children in the 10- to 12-year-old range often are actually close to college students and older adults in terms of the gaps they deem safe to cross, but "their timing of movement is not as good as adults," Plumert said. "They delay when they start crossing, and as a result they actually have less time to spare before the next car comes."
The researchers are also using the simulator to gather information on walking, using even younger subjects, and have already produced some interesting results. All of the children tested in the 6- to 12-year age range timed their movements across the street poorly, when compared to adults. But while kids in the 6- to 8-year range tried to cross through some pretty risky gaps in traffic, the 12-year-olds were more conservative than either those younger subjects, or the adults. They waited for gaps so large that they crossed with as much time to spare as the adults, despite having poorer timing.
You can read more about this research in the NSF Discovery story Beyond looking both ways. (Date of Image: 2010-2015) [Image 4 of 4 related images. Back to Image 1.]
Credit: Hank Virtual Environments Laboratory at the University of Iowa
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