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Funding and Support Descriptions

WHERE IT COMES FROM

FY 2021 Appropriations by Account - $ 9,087 million

Appropriation

$ in Millions

Percent of total

Research & Related Activities (R&RA) 7,347 81%
Education & Human Resources (EHR) 1,029 11%
Major Research Equipment & Facilities Construction (MREFC) 387 4%
Agency Operations & Award Management (AOAM) 301 3%
National Science Board (NSB) 18 < 1%
Office of Inspector General (OIG) 5 < 1%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.
$29 million of annual appropriated funding was transferred from R&RA to AOAM.
Totals include $600 million in American Rescue Plan Act (P.L. 117-2) funding: $467 million to R&RA, $61 million to EHR, $60 million to MREFC and $12 million to AOAM.

WHERE IT GOES - INSTITUTIONS FUNDED BY NSF

FY 2021 Obligations for Research and Education Programs $8,262 million

INSTITUTIONS FUNDED BY NSF

$ in Millions

Percent of total

Colleges, Universities, and Academic Consortia 6,594 80%
Private Industry (includes small businesses and non-profit organizations) 1,047 13%
Other (includes government entities (federal, state, and local) and international organizations) 322 4%
Federally Funded Research & Development Centers 298 4%

Note: NSF Research and Education programs include - R&RA, EHR, and MREFC appropriations.
Totals may not add due to rounding.

HOW IT GETS THERE - NSF AWARD MECHANISMS

FY 2021 Obligations for Research and Education Programs $8,292 million

AWARD MECHANISMS

$ in Millions

Percent of total

Grants 5,913 72%
Cooperative Agreements 2,002 24%
Contracts 347 4%

Note: NSF Research and Education programs include - R&RA, EHR, and MREFC appropriations.
Totals may not add due to rounding.

HOW IT IS SPENT

Number of NSF Competitive Proposals, New Awards, and Funding Rates

Fiscal Year

Competitive Proposals

Awards

Funding Rate (percent)

FY 2017 49,425 11,456 23%
FY 2018 48,336 11,717 24%
FY 2019 41,033 11,252 27%
FY 2020 42,726 12,171 28%
FY 2021 43,617 11,349 26%

Note: New awards are a subset of competitive proposals.

NSF Support of Academic Basic Research in Selected Fields (as a percentage of total federal support)

All Science and Engineering Fields 24%
Computer Science 79%
Mathematics 71%
Biology 65%
Social and Psychological Sciences 65%
Environmental Sciences 61%
Engineering 45%
Physical Sciences 37%

Note: Biology includes Biological Sciences and Environmental Biology. Biology and Psychological Sciences exclude National Institutes of Health funding from the total amount of federal support.

Source: NSF/National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Federal Funds for Research & Development, FY 2019.