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Award Abstract #0918216

Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum (ICAC): Incorporating Technology into STEM Education Using XO Laptops

Division Of Research On Learning
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Initial Amendment Date: July 22, 2009
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Latest Amendment Date: August 6, 2013
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Award Number: 0918216
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Award Instrument: Continuing grant
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Program Manager: Andres Henriquez
DRL Division Of Research On Learning
EHR Direct For Education and Human Resources
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Start Date: August 1, 2009
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End Date: February 28, 2014 (Estimated)
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Awarded Amount to Date: $2,809,612.00
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Investigator(s): Shelia Cotten cotten@msu.edu (Principal Investigator)
David Radford (Co-Principal Investigator)
Jeffrey Gray (Co-Principal Investigator)
J. Michael Wyss (Co-Principal Investigator)
Michael Howell-Moroney (Co-Principal Investigator)
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Sponsor: University of Alabama at Birmingham
AB 1170
Birmingham, AL 35294-0001 (205)934-5266
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Program Reference Code(s): 9150, 9177, SMET
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Program Element Code(s): 7645


The ICAC builds and tests applications tied to the school curriculum that integrate the sciences with mathematics, computational thinking, reading and writing in elementary schools. The investigative core of the project is to determine how one-computer-per-child can be implemented in such a way as to support STEM learning and lead more urban children to STEM career paths. Data are collected both on the process of adoption and on the outcomes of learning and entering career paths, as measured by course selection and interests.

Building on a state effort that has provided XO laptop computers to every child in grades 1-5, ICAC provides approximately 160 teachers and 8000 students with computer resources and skills and supports the adoption so as to increase the number of students in the STEM pipeline. The community served by the project is an urban, predominantly African American, high poverty school system where students are underrepresented in the STEM pipeline. The project advances computing, science, and mathematics skills of 4th and 5th grade Birmingham City Schools (BCS) teachers and students, works with teachers to develop curriculum, and provides professional development for teachers, and facilitates participation and support by administrators. In addition, ICAC provides more extensive training to 320 students, drawn from each school, who become resources for the teachers and their fellow students. ICAC engages parents so that they understand the opportunities available for their children in STEM-centered careers and so that the parents can be supportive of their child's interest in STEM education.


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Mark Warschauer, Shelia R. Cotten, and Morgan Ames. "One Laptop Per Child Birmingham: Case Study of a Radical Experiment," International Journal of Learning and Media, v.3(2), 2012, p. 61.

Shelia R. Cotten, Timothy M. Hale, Michael Howell-Moroney, LaToya O‚??Neal, and Casey Borch. "Using Affordable Technology To Decrease Digital Inequality: Results from Birmingham‚??s One Laptop Per Child XO Laptop Project," Information, Communication, and Society, v.14(4), 2011, p. 424.

Shaundra Bryant Daily, Shelia R. Cotten, Philip Gibson, Michael Howell-Moroney, and LaToya O?Neal. "Teacher Self-Efficacy and Usage: The Case of the XO Laptop in Alabama," Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2013, v.2013, 2013, p. 4676-4683.


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Gray, J.. "Computer Science Unplugged: Teaching Fundamental Principles of Computing without a Computer", 08/01/2010-07/31/2011,  2011, "Alabama Educational Technology Conference".

Gray, J.. "Building Android Smartphone Apps with Google's App Inventor: A Context for Motivating Computer Science", 08/01/2010-07/31/2011,  2011, "Alabama Educational Technology Conference".

Cotten, S., Daily, S.B., Carter, A., O'Neal, L.. "Utilizing Scratch to Integrate Computing Into the Curriculum Workshop", 08/01/2010-07/31/2011,  2011, "Alabama Educational Technology Conference".

Cotten, S., Howell-Moroney, M., Solario, T., Gray, J., Radford, D., Wyss, M., Daily, S., Daily, J.. "Integrating Computing Across the Curriculum", 08/01/2010-07/31/2011,  2010, "National Science Foundation DR K-12 PI Meeting".

Cotten, S., Hale, T., O'Neal, L., Anderson, W., Borch, C., and Howell-Moroney, M.. "The Impacts of XO Laptops in Birmingham, Alabama Schools: Education, Participation, and Social Connection Outcomes", 08/01/2010-07/31/2011,  2010, "Digital Media & Learning Conference, sponsored by the MacArthur Foundation".

Michelle Friend and Jeff Gray. "CS Outreach with App Inventor", 08/01/2011-07/31/2012,  2012, "ACM SIGCSE Conference, Raleigh, NC".

Jeff Gray. "Computer Science Principles Using Smartphones", 08/01/2011-07/31/2012,  2012, "Alabama Educational Technology Conference, Birmingham, AL, June 13, 2012".

Gray, J.. "Computer Science Unplugged: Teaching Fundamental Principles of Computing without a Computer", 08/01/2011-07/31/2012,  2011, "Alabama Educational Technology Conference".

Jeff Gray. "Curriculum Suggestions for Teaching an Introductory Robotics Class", 08/01/2011-07/31/2012,  2012, "Alabama Educational Technology Conference, Birmingham, AL, June 13, 2012".

Gray, J.. "Building Android Smartphone Apps with Google's App Inventor: A Context for Motivating Computer Science", 08/01/2011-07/31/2012,  2011, "Alabama Educational Technology Conference".

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