The National Science Foundation funds research and education in
most fields of science and engineering. It does this through grants,
and cooperative agreements to more than 2,000 colleges, universities,
K-12 school systems, businesses, informal science organizations
and other research organizations throughout the United States.
The Foundation accounts for about one-fourth of federal support
to academic institutions for basic research.
NSF receives approximately 40,000 proposals each year for research,
education and training projects, of which approximately 11,000
are funded. In addition, the Foundation receives several thousand
applications for graduate and postdoctoral fellowships.
operates no laboratories itself but does support National Research
Centers, user facilities, certain oceanographic vessels and Antarctic
research stations. The Foundation also supports cooperative research
between universities and industry, US participation in international
scientific and engineering efforts, and educational activities
at every academic level.