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Figure F-3. Doctoral degrees awarded in S&E fields to minority U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1989–2008

Figure Updated: October 2010

Figure F-3.  Doctoral degrees awarded in S&E fields to minority U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1989–2008.

NOTES: Asian includes Pacific Islander and American Indian includes Alaska Native. The increase in Asians/Pacific Islanders in the mid-1990s was a result of the Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992, which made thousands of students from the People's Republic of China enrolled in U.S. universities eligible to apply for permanent resident visas. Data not available for 1999.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations of U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey, 1989–2008.

Related Information

Table F-11. S&E doctorates awarded to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by field, sex, and race/ethnicity: 2000–08

Table F-12. Doctorates awarded to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by sex, field, and race/ethnicity: 2008

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