Figure F-2. Doctoral degrees awarded in S&E and non-S&E fields to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by race/ethnicity: 1989–2007
Figure Updated: November 2009
NOTES: Data not available for 1999. Underrepresented minority refers to blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians/Alaska Natives. Data in this table differ from doctoral degree data in other tables and figures in this report that are based on NSF Survey of Earned Doctorates and that refer to research doctorates only. Greatest differences are in psychology, education, and medical/other health sciences. The increase in Asian/Pacific Islanders in the mid-1990s is a result of the Chinese Student Protection Act of 1992, which made thousands of students from the People's Republic of China enrolled in U.S. universities eligible to apply for permanent resident visas.
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations of U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey, 1989–2007.
Minorities earned increasing numbers of both S&E and non-S&E doctoral degrees from 1989 to 2007.
- Underrepresented minorities (blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians/Alaska Natives) and whites earned higher numbers of non-S&E than of S&E doctoral degrees in 2007.
- Asians earned higher numbers of S&E than of non-S&E doctoral degrees throughout the period.
- Underrepresented minorities earned 11% and Asians/Pacific Islanders earned 10% of S&E doctorates in 2007, up from 5% and 6%, respectively, in 1989.