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Figure F-1. Doctoral degrees awarded in S&E and non-S&E fields to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by sex: 1989–2007

Figure Updated: November 2009

Figure F-1. Doctoral degrees awarded in S&E and non-S&E fields to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by sex: 1989–2007.

NOTES: Data not available for 1999. Data in this table differ from doctoral degree data in other tables and figures in this report that are based on NSF Survey of Earned Doctorates and that refer to research doctorates only. Greatest differences are in psychology, education, and medical/other health sciences.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations of U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Completions Survey, 1989–2007.

S&E doctoral degrees to U.S. citizen and permanent resident women rose from 1989 to 2007, in contrast to the generally flat or downward trend for men.

  • Women earned increasing numbers of doctoral degrees throughout most of the period in both S&E and non-S&E fields, with non-S&E degrees increasing faster than S&E degrees after 2000.
  • Men earned roughly 10,000 S&E doctoral degrees in both 1989 and 2007.
  • In 2007, women earned 47% of S&E doctoral degrees awarded to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, up from 33% in 1989.

Related Information

Table F-11. S&E doctorates awarded to U.S. citizens and permanent residents, by field, sex, and race/ethnicity: 1998–2007

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