The National Science Board (NSB) extends its appreciation to the staff of the National Science Foundation and to the many others, too numerous to list individually, who contributed to the preparation of this report.
Primary responsibility for the production of the volume was assigned to Robert Bell, Director, Science and Engineering Indicators Program of the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES); John R. Gawalt, Director, NCSES; and the Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences under the leadership of Myron P. Gutmann and Joanne Tornow. The authors were:
Overview. Robert Bell, Michael Reksulak, NCSES
Chapter 1. Xianglei Chen, Robin R. Henke, Susan L. Rotermund, RTI International
Chapter 2. Jaquelina C. Falkenheim, NCSES
Chapter 3. Beethika Khan, NCSES
Chapter 4. Mark Boroush, Francisco A. Moris, NCSES
Chapter 5. Michael Gibbons, Katherine Hale, Derek Hill, NCSES; Kim Hamilton, The Patent Board
Chapter 6. Derek Hill, NCSES
Chapter 7. John Besley, Michigan State University
Chapter 8. Nirmala Kannankutty, NCSES; Christina Freyman, SRI International; Paula C. Dunnigan, Taratec Corporation
The volume benefited from extensive contributions from NCSES staff. NCSES senior staff and survey managers assured availability of data under often stringent deadlines: Ronda K. Britt, Mark Fiegener, John Finamore, John E. Jankowski, Kelly H. Kang, Flora Lan, Lynn Milan, Christopher Pece, Steven Proudfoot, Emilda B. Rivers, Raymond M. Wolfe, and Michael Yamaner. Stephen Cohen, Jock Black, Wan-Ying Chang, and Darius Singpurwalla provided advice with statistical or data presentation issues. Jaquelina Falkenheim, Katherine Hale, Derek Hill, and Beethika Khan served administrative as well as authorship roles. Peter Muhlberger refined the index and helped finalize Chapters 1 and 7. Lawrence Burton, Daniel Foley, and Mark C. Regets reviewed draft material and did analytic work in support of the volume. Jacqueline Durham assisted in acquiring data from outside sources, and Jasmine Harvey provided clerical support.
Cheryl Roesel, Nirmala Kannankutty, and Robin Pentola managed production of the volume. Cheryl Roesel managed editorial, composition, and printing services; Nirmala Kannankutty developed, coordinated, and monitored the production schedule; and Robin Pentola was responsible for production, direction, and management of the website. Tanya Gore assisted with the final review of the page composition and appendix tables, and Rajinder Raut provided a technical review of the website.
August Gering and Marceline Murawski led the editing team at RTI International: Mr. Gering, Margaret Smith, Michelle Back, Anne Gering, Justin Faerber, Claudia Clark, Loretta Bohn, and Roxanne Snaauw. Betty Baker, Mei Chin, Kanika Dutt, Heidi Hunt, Sally Leighton, Bansari Patidar, Jay Philoon, Christopher River, John Root, Carl Trapani, and Caleb Winslow of Penobscot Bay Media, LLC, performed Web design, programming, and review of the electronic publication and website. OmniStudio, Inc., Washington D.C., provided the design and production for the volume. Prudy Brown and Lori Thurgood of SRI International played major roles in production of Chapters 1 and 7, respectively. Others who provided much appreciated advice and assistance are listed under Contributors and Reviewers.
The National Science Board is especially grateful to the Committee on Science and Engineering Indicators for overseeing preparation of the volume and to the National Science Board Office, under the direction of Michael L. Van Woert, which provided vital coordination throughout the project. Matthew B. Wilson served as Board Office Liaison to the committee, and Robert Bell and Nirmala Kannankutty were the Executive Secretaries. Jean M. Pomeroy provided helpful guidance throughout the publication process.
Dan E. Arvizu
Chairman, National Science Board
Ray M. Bowen
Chairman, Committee on Science and Engineering Indicators
The flower-like structure on the cover of Science and Engineering Indicators 2014 is a graph that illustrates potential energy surfaces in a molecule called sym-triazine. The theoretical approach behind the graph is part of a larger effort that helped explain how sym-triazine can simultaneously break into three parts. Most molecules break apart one step at a time, so the phenomenon is rare. Researchers at the University of Southern California used computational chemistry tools to produce the graph, explaining the experimental results obtained by collaborators at the University of California, San Diego. The researchers reported their findings in the August 8, 2008, issue of the journal Science. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation under the auspices of the iOpenShell (Center for Computational Studies of Electronic Structure and Spectroscopy of Open-Shell and Electronically Excited Species). (Credit: Vadim Mozhayskiy and Anna I. Krylov, Department of Chemistry, University of Southern California.)
National Science Board. 2014. Science and Engineering Indicators 2014. Arlington VA: National Science Foundation (NSB 14-01).