Table 8-50
Academic patents awarded per 1,000 science and engineering doctorate holders in academia, by state: 1997, 2003, and 2008
 
  Patents awarded to academic institutions   S&E doctorate holders in academiaa   Academic patents/1,000 academic S&E doctorate holders
State 1997 2003 2008   1997 2003 2008   1997 2003 2008
 
United States 2,443 3,256 2,818   245,670 277,970 289,500   9.9 11.7 9.7
Alabama 23 41 19   4,640 3,240 3,500   5.0 12.7 5.4
Alaska 2 3 0   450 600 700   4.4 5.0 0.0
Arizona 22 22 25   3,050 3,660 4,200   7.2 6.0 6.0
Arkansas 8 24 14   1,520 1,850 1,500   5.3 13.0 9.3
California 428 664 527   26,050 29,830 30,500   16.4 22.3 17.3
Colorado 37 32 32   4,550 5,320 5,200   8.1 6.0 6.2
Connecticut 37 44 28   4,000 4,490 5,100   9.3 9.8 5.5
Delaware 5 7 7   750 800 800   6.7 8.8 8.8
District of Columbia 4 3 2   2,210 2,690 2,100   1.8 1.1 1.0
Florida 91 130 129   6,850 8,710 9,700   13.3 14.9 13.3
Georgia 49 76 68   5,780 7,240 8,100   8.5 10.5 8.4
Hawaii 6 7 7   1,380 1,910 1,900   4.3 3.7 3.7
Idaho 8 7 7   780 1,190 1,400   10.3 5.9 5.0
Illinois 79 105 131   10,620 10,930 11,500   7.4 9.6 11.4
Indiana 39 23 22   4,680 5,810 5,900   8.3 4.0 3.7
Iowa 44 56 35   3,100 3,390 3,900   14.2 16.5 9.0
Kansas 7 20 8   2,260 2,380 2,700   3.1 8.4 3.0
Kentucky 15 21 25   3,040 3,320 3,400   4.9 6.3 7.4
Louisiana 25 29 24   3,580 3,570 3,100   7.0 8.1 7.7
Maine 1 4 7   1,340 1,150 1,200   0.7 3.5 5.8
Maryland 71 128 119   6,400 7,060 8,200   11.1 18.1 14.5
Massachusetts 177 208 222   11,810 14,630 13,800   15.0 14.2 16.1
Michigan 97 115 122   7,850 9,050 9,000   12.4 12.7 13.6
Minnesota 50 68 55   4,490 5,600 5,400   11.1 12.1 10.2
Mississippi 6 11 17   1,940 2,060 1,900   3.1 5.3 8.9
Missouri 37 41 27   5,770 5,770 5,800   6.4 7.1 4.7
Montana 4 4 7   1,020 1,090 1,200   3.9 3.7 5.8
Nebraska 28 17 17   2,360 1,880 1,800   11.9 9.0 9.4
Nevada 2 9 6   980 1,260 1,500   2.0 7.1 4.0
New Hampshire 7 11 14   1,130 1,360 1,600   6.2 8.1 8.8
New Jersey 71 118 99   5,290 6,160 6,300   13.4 19.2 15.7
New Mexico 46 90 18   2,450 2,960 2,300   18.8 30.4 7.8
New York 204 236 217   20,900 22,360 23,100   9.8 10.6 9.4
North Carolina 97 121 94   7,740 9,650 10,600   12.5 12.5 8.9
North Dakota 3 4 4   900 740 900   3.3 5.4 4.4
Ohio 70 85 58   9,750 10,620 9,900   7.2 8.0 5.9
Oklahoma 17 14 14   2,680 2,900 3,000   6.3 4.8 4.7
Oregon 18 19 25   2,690 3,690 3,300   6.7 5.1 7.6
Pennsylvania 131 161 131   12,150 15,650 15,200   10.8 10.3 8.6
Rhode Island 10 7 7   1,730 2,180 1,800   5.8 3.2 3.9
South Carolina 14 23 13   3,230 3,000 3,800   4.3 7.7 3.4
South Dakota 1 0 2   700 670 700   1.4 0.0 2.9
Tennessee 28 42 26   4,720 5,210 5,500   5.9 8.1 4.7
Texas 123 166 155   13,760 15,240 18,400   8.9 10.9 8.4
Utah 39 25 32   3,080 2,770 3,400   12.7 9.0 9.4
Vermont 2 7 6   1,140 1,100 900   1.8 6.4 6.7
Virginia 55 62 46   5,830 7,630 8,800   9.4 8.1 5.2
Washington 39 52 50   5,410 6,740 7,300   7.2 7.7 6.8
West Virginia 2 11 3   1,190 1,190 1,200   1.7 9.2 2.5
Wisconsin 59 80 93   5,390 5,180 6,000   10.9 15.4 15.5
Wyoming 5 3 2   560 490 500   8.9 6.1 4.0
                       
Puerto Rico 0 5 2   640 1,360 1,300   0.0 3.7 1.5
 

aCoefficients of variation for estimates of S&E doctorate holders in academia presented in appendix table 8-14.

SOURCES: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Technology Assessment and Forecast Branch, special tabulations of U.S. Colleges and Universities—Utility Patent Grants, Calendar Years 1969–2008; National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

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