Table 8-41
Federal R&D obligations per individual in science and engineering occupation, by state: 2003, 2005, and 2008
 
  Federal R&D obligations ($millions)   Individuals in S&E occupations   Federal R&D obligations/individual in S&E occupation ($)
State 2003 2005 2008   2003 2005 2008   2003 2005 2008
 
United States 100,982 116,331 124,842   4,961,550 5,233,520 5,781,460   20,353 22,228 21,594
Alabama 3,212 3,108 2,782   56,380 62,790 68,580   56,971 49,498 40,566
Alaska 399 495 222   10,600 11,230 13,260   37,642 44,078 16,742
Arizona 2,385 2,959 2,449   92,120 96,410 102,100   25,890 30,692 23,986
Arkansas 145 165 145   21,340 24,660 29,310   6,795 6,691 4,947
California 20,170 19,964 19,939   676,180 716,530 791,750   29,829 27,862 25,183
Colorado 1,735 2,265 2,668   124,140 126,110 147,000   13,976 17,961 18,150
Connecticut 2,068 2,400 1,815   81,380 83,930 80,290   25,412 28,595 22,606
Delaware 95 94 144   17,370 18,010 22,330   5,469 5,219 6,449
District of Columbia 2,986 4,162 17,537   54,890 63,410 63,360   54,400 65,636 276,783
Florida 2,854 2,590 2,290   221,070 241,000 248,200   12,910 10,747 9,226
Georgia 2,133 2,182 1,386   144,170 137,580 147,380   14,795 15,860 9,404
Hawaii 414 600 348   16,090 17,460 18,830   25,730 34,364 18,481
Idaho 218 290 355   22,150 23,880 23,310   9,842 12,144 15,230
Illinois 1,935 2,128 2,169   211,230 221,630 224,370   9,161 9,602 9,667
Indiana 574 567 672   78,410 79,910 90,840   7,320 7,095 7,398
Iowa 500 488 635   37,320 40,300 46,180   13,398 12,109 13,751
Kansas 269 358 300   51,970 51,630 54,260   5,176 6,934 5,529
Kentucky 247 296 252   45,230 44,530 NA   5,461 6,647 NA
Louisiana 453 444 406   41,900 41,030 41,790   10,811 10,821 9,715
Maine 167 292 168   15,020 15,500 17,000   11,119 18,839 9,882
Maryland 8,027 12,501 13,313   149,250 160,120 167,070   53,782 78,073 79,685
Massachusetts 5,492 6,592 6,883   184,690 193,180 217,310   29,736 34,124 31,674
Michigan 1,693 1,177 1,866   182,940 192,150 204,290   9,254 6,125 9,134
Minnesota 866 768 1,393   117,120 120,930 134,440   7,394 6,351 10,361
Mississippi 1,181 438 435   22,190 23,480 27,270   53,222 18,654 15,952
Missouri 1,350 4,202 1,111   84,150 92,260 105,390   16,043 45,545 10,542
Montana 131 182 159   11,450 11,940 NA   11,441 15,243 NA
Nebraska 168 193 205   30,710 31,530 31,820   5,471 6,121 6,442
Nevada 419 593 313   22,330 24,400 27,300   18,764 24,303 11,465
New Hampshire 512 514 294   23,430 26,840 29,150   21,852 19,151 10,086
New Jersey 2,088 2,525 2,193   161,420 174,270 198,060   12,935 14,489 11,072
New Mexico 3,090 3,593 3,503   33,600 32,530 34,560   91,964 110,452 101,360
New York 4,383 5,320 4,651   272,440 289,010 326,510   16,088 18,408 14,245
North Carolina 1,617 1,806 1,773   132,440 134,290 153,680   12,209 13,449 11,537
North Dakota 107 118 98   8,430 9,070 9,450   12,693 13,010 10,370
Ohio 2,967 2,962 2,580   177,100 180,900 206,320   16,753 16,374 12,505
Oklahoma 570 401 261   44,360 46,370 48,900   12,849 8,648 5,337
Oregon 514 650 581   61,230 62,030 70,070   8,395 10,479 8,292
Pennsylvania 3,989 3,677 3,279   185,560 204,270 227,170   21,497 18,001 14,434
Rhode Island 566 889 644   18,740 18,080 18,090   30,203 49,170 35,600
South Carolina 454 493 453   48,740 50,460 57,770   9,315 9,770 7,841
South Dakota 55 70 76   9,150 9,460 11,870   6,011 7,400 6,403
Tennessee 1,131 1,426 1,690   63,680 66,390 72,760   17,761 21,479 23,227
Texas 5,414 5,187 5,030   365,270 389,550 463,850   14,822 13,315 10,844
Utah 803 1,058 700   45,570 45,110 52,570   17,621 23,454 13,316
Vermont 201 263 121   11,420 12,770 12,360   17,601 20,595 9,790
Virginia 6,709 8,747 9,282   209,280 236,650 259,280   32,058 36,962 35,799
Washington 2,442 2,641 4,340   150,230 160,960 NA   16,255 16,408 NA
West Virginia 383 808 225   16,220 16,040 17,000   23,613 50,374 13,235
Wisconsin 658 652 661   93,320 93,590 101,680   7,051 6,967 6,501
Wyoming 43 38 47   6,130 7,350 8,850   7,015 5,170 5,311
                       
Puerto Rico 112 101 85   19,940 20,950 22,970   5,617 4,821 3,700
 

NA = not available

NOTES: Only 11 agencies required to report federal R&D obligations: Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security (established in 2002), Interior, and Transportation; Environmental Protection Agency; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and National Science Foundation. These obligations represent approximately 98% of total federal R&D obligations. Federal R&D obligations reported in current dollars. National total for S&E occupations in the United States provided by Occupational Employment Statistics (OES). OES estimates for 2003 S&E occupations based upon November data; estimates for remaining years based upon May data.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data