Table 8-40
Federal R&D obligations per employed worker, by state: 2000, 2004, and 2008
 
  Federal R&D obligations ($thousands)   Employed workers   Federal R&D obligations/employed worker ($)
State 2000 2004 2008   2000 2004 2008   2000 2004 2008
 
United States 74,074,333 109,498,570 124,844,682   136,955,714 138,762,591 144,860,347   541 789 862
Alabama 1,670,058 3,035,516 2,782,193   2,067,147 2,007,153 2,061,601   808 1,512 1,350
Alaska 155,155 461,308 222,163   299,324 314,753 332,389   518 1,466 668
Arizona 1,151,925 2,643,735 2,449,176   2,404,916 2,650,277 2,934,136   479 998 835
Arkansas 116,333 146,682 145,265   1,207,352 1,221,553 1,300,420   96 120 112
California 14,819,382 19,259,424 19,938,653   16,024,341 16,354,779 16,883,425   925 1,178 1,181
Colorado 1,398,887 2,068,038 2,668,121   2,300,192 2,392,952 2,605,535   608 864 1,024
Connecticut 806,228 2,122,540 1,815,401   1,697,670 1,703,865 1,763,911   475 1,246 1,029
Delaware 69,867 89,747 144,314   402,777 408,266 419,184   173 220 344
District of Columbia 2,443,108 3,329,397 17,537,244   291,916 288,397 312,877   8,369 11,544 56,052
Florida 2,286,464 3,265,014 2,290,401   7,569,406 7,998,202 8,621,454   302 408 266
Georgia 2,654,039 1,906,523 1,386,021   4,095,362 4,249,007 4,517,730   648 449 307
Hawaii 234,291 488,209 347,753   584,858 598,175 613,803   401 816 567
Idaho 217,349 288,538 355,408   632,451 666,080 722,714   344 433 492
Illinois 1,496,751 1,880,072 2,168,530   6,176,837 5,968,561 6,247,985   242 315 347
Indiana 512,847 556,743 672,029   3,052,719 2,997,800 3,049,268   168 186 220
Iowa 275,560 538,270 634,853   1,557,081 1,534,991 1,607,923   177 351 395
Kansas 224,013 287,446 300,406   1,351,988 1,381,343 1,421,107   166 208 211
Kentucky 253,526 251,763 252,464   1,866,348 1,854,703 1,898,083   136 136 133
Louisiana 249,045 446,722 406,131   1,930,662 1,928,464 1,974,881   129 232 206
Maine 249,812 210,258 168,009   650,385 653,847 665,057   384 322 253
Maryland 8,778,541 12,608,595 13,312,685   2,711,382 2,761,583 2,900,018   3,238 4,566 4,591
Massachusetts 4,552,289 5,963,595 6,883,096   3,273,281 3,203,810 3,283,147   1,391 1,861 2,096
Michigan 1,005,043 1,117,762 1,866,491   4,953,421 4,686,953 4,554,464   203 238 410
Minnesota 797,334 831,259 1,393,037   2,720,492 2,752,403 2,778,500   293 302 501
Mississippi 413,820 1,598,715 435,207   1,239,859 1,232,139 1,205,464   334 1,298 361
Missouri 905,875 3,058,821 1,111,285   2,875,336 2,815,878 2,869,569   315 1,086 387
Montana 105,359 188,774 159,461   446,552 456,385 485,375   236 414 329
Nebraska 104,079 210,458 204,579   923,198 938,105 960,438   113 224 213
Nevada 273,344 554,983 312,624   1,015,221 1,128,223 1,246,696   269 492 251
New Hampshire 357,828 422,144 294,312   675,541 687,855 716,611   530 614 411
New Jersey 1,979,346 2,273,723 2,192,726   4,130,310 4,144,223 4,256,251   479 549 515
New Mexico 2,210,494 3,363,175 3,502,888   810,024 849,970 909,809   2,729 3,957 3,850
New York 2,989,719 4,505,321 4,651,187   8,751,441 8,816,013 9,138,034   342 511 509
North Carolina 1,062,536 1,683,581 1,772,567   3,969,235 4,031,081 4,291,565   268 418 413
North Dakota 64,051 108,573 98,326   335,780 339,541 355,622   191 320 276
Ohio 2,164,645 2,794,181 2,580,353   5,573,154 5,502,533 5,570,514   388 508 463
Oklahoma 232,217 498,478 260,753   1,609,522 1,605,641 1,674,485   144 310 156
Oregon 468,167 504,810 581,074   1,716,954 1,714,447 1,828,477   273 294 318
Pennsylvania 2,396,146 3,731,084 3,279,378   5,830,902 5,859,561 6,095,678   411 637 538
Rhode Island 418,037 642,064 643,721   520,758 526,046 528,288   803 1,221 1,219
South Carolina 249,938 384,307 453,003   1,917,365 1,888,050 1,998,171   130 204 227
South Dakota 38,803 70,036 76,379   397,678 411,708 432,130   98 170 177
Tennessee 824,300 1,381,987 1,689,925   2,756,498 2,746,241 2,854,488   299 503 592
Texas 3,021,013 5,506,721 5,029,588   9,896,002 10,385,318 11,070,779   305 530 454
Utah 305,980 1,183,694 699,928   1,097,915 1,179,142 1,324,467   279 1,004 528
Vermont 72,030 417,091 120,985   326,742 334,188 342,130   220 1,248 354
Virginia 4,961,535 7,298,269 9,282,197   3,502,524 3,715,272 3,954,733   1,417 1,964 2,347
Washington 1,345,649 2,311,260 4,339,544   2,898,677 2,999,526 3,286,973   464 771 1,320
West Virginia 235,677 315,693 224,575   764,649 746,854 770,845   308 423 291
Wisconsin 420,839 645,875 660,915   2,894,884 2,868,376 2,936,749   145 225 225
Wyoming 35,059 47,596 47,358   256,685 262,358 286,394   137 181 165
                       
Puerto Rico 81,016 100,904 84,929   1,162,153 1,226,251 1,208,595   70 82 70
 

NOTES: Only 11 agencies required to report federal R&D obligations: Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security (established in 2002), Interior, and Transportation; Environmental Protection Agency; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and National Science Foundation. These obligations represent approximately 98% of total federal R&D obligations. Civilian workers represent employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted. Federal R&D obligations reported in current dollars.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data