Table 8-39
R&D as a percentage of gross domestic product, by state: 2000, 2004, and 2008
 
  R&D performed ($millions)   State GDP ($millions)   R&D performed/GDP (%)
State 2000 2004 2008   2000 2004 2008   2000 2004 2008
 
EPSCoR states 18,730 25,969 32,822   1,368,845 1,684,709 2,079,663   1.37 1.54 1.58
Non-EPSCoR states 223,829 255,087 333,891   8,457,057 10,026,090 12,093,434   2.65 2.54 2.76
Average EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   1.55 1.71 1.71
Average non-EPSCoR state value na na na   na na na   2.47 2.56 2.79
 
United States 244,855 283,439 372,660   9,884,171 11,788,910 14,270,458   2.48 2.40 2.61
Alabama 1,730 2,760 4,870   116,014 142,086 169,694   1.49 1.94 2.87
Alaska 196 271 269   25,913 34,408 49,186   0.76 0.79 0.55
Arizona 3,107 3,544 7,010   161,901 201,287 260,454   1.92 1.76 2.69
Arkansas 454 514 747   68,146 83,551 99,497   0.67 0.62 0.75
California 55,093 59,607 81,323   1,317,343 1,571,198 1,911,741   4.18 3.79 4.25
Colorado 4,230 5,497 5,810   171,930 201,656 254,218   2.46 2.73 2.29
Connecticut 4,888 7,881 11,322   163,943 188,576 225,958   2.98 4.18 5.01
Delaware 1,532 1,182 1,594   40,957 51,282 58,674   3.74 2.30 2.72
District of Columbia 2,296 2,383 5,946   58,269 78,111 97,361   3.94 3.05 6.11
Florida 4,663 5,409 6,515   481,115 621,251 747,770   0.97 0.87 0.87
Georgia 2,796 3,655 5,232   294,479 343,158 405,269   0.95 1.07 1.29
Hawaii 291 490 663   41,372 52,185 66,119   0.70 0.94 1.00
Idaho 1,434 1,006 1,375   36,091 44,050 55,212   3.97 2.28 2.49
Illinois 12,767 11,300 11,961   474,444 546,661 637,037   2.69 2.07 1.88
Indiana 3,252 5,130 6,111   198,020 231,961 263,616   1.64 2.21 2.32
Iowa 1,017 1,625 2,136   93,287 115,993 134,959   1.09 1.40 1.58
Kansas 1,420 2,169 2,029   85,742 99,974 125,333   1.66 2.17 1.62
Kentucky 866 1,006 1,463   113,108 131,655 155,592   0.77 0.76 0.94
Louisiana 627 972 1,193   131,430 171,848 213,441   0.48 0.57 0.56
Maine 319 384 516   36,395 44,342 49,972   0.88 0.87 1.03
Maryland 8,634 14,341 16,605   182,953 232,215 281,659   4.72 6.18 5.90
Massachusetts 13,004 15,987 20,090   272,680 310,476 365,623   4.77 5.15 5.49
Michigan 18,892 16,722 15,507   336,786 365,189 375,436   5.61 4.58 4.13
Minnesota 4,299 5,992 6,697   188,449 227,321 262,758   2.28 2.64 2.55
Mississippi 513 651 808   65,615 77,617 96,713   0.78 0.84 0.84
Missouri 2,583 3,038 3,884   180,982 208,763 241,344   1.43 1.46 1.61
Montana 170 295 401   21,629 27,863 35,838   0.79 1.06 1.12
Nebraska 439 740 988   57,233 69,615 84,884   0.77 1.06 1.16
Nevada 377 623 913   75,907 100,677 132,270   0.50 0.62 0.69
New Hampshire 775 1,665 2,496   44,067 51,293 58,780   1.76 3.25 4.25
New Jersey 13,133 12,460 20,713   349,334 410,176 483,560   3.76 3.04 4.28
New Mexico 3,085 5,114 5,906   50,262 64,208 77,168   6.14 7.97 7.65
New York 13,556 13,113 16,486   770,621 893,399 1,109,080   1.76 1.47 1.49
North Carolina 5,045 6,491 8,612   281,418 327,547 403,927   1.79 1.98 2.13
North Dakota 146 558 511   18,250 23,335 31,677   0.80 2.39 1.61
Ohio 7,662 7,816 10,164   381,175 428,974 470,640   2.01 1.82 2.16
Oklahoma 660 814 1,030   91,292 112,444 151,850   0.72 0.72 0.68
Oregon 2,116 3,664 4,802   112,974 137,341 174,454   1.87 2.67 2.75
Pennsylvania 9,842 10,813 13,068   395,811 462,280 545,198   2.49 2.34 2.40
Rhode Island 1,501 1,840 1,233   33,522 42,933 47,378   4.48 4.29 2.60
South Carolina 1,126 1,599 2,086   115,392 134,765 159,500   0.98 1.19 1.31
South Dakota 85 149 254   24,009 30,588 38,293   0.35 0.49 0.66
Tennessee 2,057 3,180 3,871   177,582 213,888 247,796   1.16 1.49 1.56
Texas 11,552 14,266 20,316   732,987 906,893 1,202,104   1.58 1.57 1.69
Utah 1,361 1,602 2,522   69,483 82,616 112,353   1.96 1.94 2.24
Vermont 465 546 546   18,033 21,909 24,636   2.58 2.49 2.22
Virginia 5,069 7,345 11,472   261,894 329,927 402,853   1.94 2.23 2.85
Washington 10,516 10,936 16,696   227,828 258,069 334,477   4.62 4.24 4.99
West Virginia 457 523 778   41,419 48,785 59,039   1.10 1.07 1.32
Wisconsin 2,693 3,675 4,967   177,638 209,275 239,150   1.52 1.76 2.08
Wyoming 61 98 154   17,047 23,296 38,917   0.36 0.42 0.40
                       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA   69,208 82,809 95,708   NA NA NA
 

na = not applicable; NA = not available

EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research; GDP = gross domestic product

NOTES: R&D includes R&D performed by federal agencies, business, universities, other nonprofit organizations, and state agencies. R&D and GDP reported in current dollars. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources (various years); Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product data; United Nations Statistics Division.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012

Source Data