Table 7-15
Public perceptions of scientific consensus on public issues: 2010 or most recent year
(Percent and mean score)
 
  Degree of consensus
(on scale of 1 to 5)
     
Group/public issue Near
complete
agreement
5
4 3 2 No
agreement
at all
1
  Don't
know
Mean
score
 
Medical researchers on importance of stem cells for research 28 30 26 6 4   7 3.8
Nuclear engineers on risks and benefits of nuclear power to generate electricity 19 34 28 6 3   11 3.7
Environmental scientists on existence and causes of global warming 15 23 35 11 10   6 3.2
Medical researchers on risks and benefits of genetically modified foods 9 19 41 11 7   13 3.1
Economists on effects of reducing federal income taxes 5 16 38 14 15   12 2.8
 

NOTES: Responses to To what extent do [people in group] agree on [public issue]? Responses on global warming, stem cell research, federal income taxes, and nuclear power are for 2010. Responses on genetically modified foods are for 2006. Mean consensus score based on 5-point scale, where 5 = near complete agreement and 1 = no agreement at all. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

SOURCE: University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center, General Social Survey (2006, 2010). See appendix table 7-31.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012