Table 6-9
Activity in USPTO patent grants in selected technology areas, by selected region/country/economy: 2007–10 average
 
  Activity index
Technology area United States   EU Japan South Korea Taiwan China India
 
All ICT 1.09   0.73 0.90 1.38 1.02 0.95 1.60
Computer systems 0.99   0.53 1.22 1.66 1.15 1.01 1.48
Information processes 1.31   0.75 0.66 0.43 0.37 1.01 2.35
Networking 1.31   0.80 0.50 0.68 0.38 1.03 2.30
Semiconductors 0.83   0.59 1.28 2.47 2.08 0.60 0.69
Telecommunications 1.03   1.03 0.73 1.59 0.94 1.12 1.31
Automation and control 1.10   0.94 0.85 0.72 1.17 1.39 0.92
Measuring and instrumentation 1.01   1.25 0.94 0.56 0.63 1.05 0.78
Optics 0.65   0.72 1.74 2.33 1.52 0.64 0.12
Biotechnology 1.23   1.28 0.42 0.35 0.29 0.86 1.57
Pharmaceuticals 1.03   1.95 0.45 0.26 0.20 0.75 4.64
Medical electronics 1.26   1.18 0.62 0.18 0.11 0.57 0.55
Medical equipment 1.40   1.03 0.33 0.14 0.39 0.38 0.18
Aerospace and defense 1.30   1.60 0.19 0.10 0.26 0.15 0.50
Materials 0.81   1.45 1.32 0.82 0.39 0.80 1.63
 

EU = European Union; ICT = information and communications technology; USPTO = U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

NOTES: Activity index consists of ratio of region/country/economy's share of indicated technology to region/country/economy's share of total grants. A ratio of greater than one signifies more active patenting in the selected technology; a ratio of less than one signifies less active patenting. Technologies classified by The Patent Board™. Patent grants fractionally allocated among regions/countries/economies on basis of proportion of residences of all named inventors. China includes Hong Kong.

SOURCE: The Patent Board™, Proprietary Patent database, special tabulations (2011). See appendix tables 6-47–6-56 and 6-58–6-61.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012