Table 5-23
U.S. S&E article coauthorship, by sector, foreign coauthorship, and U.S. coauthor sector: 2000 and 2010
(Percent)
 
      U.S. coauthor sector
Sector Foreign coauthor   Federal government Industry Academic FFRDCs Private nonprofit State/local government
 
2000                
Federal government 21.2   18.1 9.2 55.0 3.1 9.6 2.5
Industry 22.5   9.6 14.5 45.6 3.1 10.3 1.5
Academic 21.7   7.8 6.2 38.6 2.8 9.2 1.5
FFRDCs 35.0   8.0 7.6 51.2 13.4 4.2 0.2
Private nonprofit 20.4   8.4 8.6 57.0 1.4 25.1 2.4
State/local government 11.7   16.2 9.4 68.2 0.6 18.2 13.8
2010                
Federal government 29.6   21.8 10.6 64.8 4.6 14.9 3.1
Industry 31.5   11.8 19.3 55.4 3.8 16.0 2.1
Academic 31.6   8.3 6.4 46.9 3.4 11.7 1.6
FFRDCs 46.4   10.9 8.0 62.2 19.4 8.0 0.3
Private nonprofit 31.6   10.8 10.5 66.5 2.5 30.3 2.8
State/local government 18.8   18.8 11.5 75.6 0.7 23.1 15.6
2000–10 change (percentage points)                
Federal government 8.4   3.7 1.4 9.8 1.5 5.2 0.6
Industry 9.1   2.2 4.8 9.8 0.7 5.7 0.6
Academic 9.9   0.5 0.2 8.3 0.6 2.4 0.1
FFRDCs 11.3   2.9 0.4 11.0 6.0 3.7 *
Private nonprofit 11.2   2.5 1.9 9.5 1.0 5.2 0.3
State/local government 7.1   2.6 2.1 7.4 0.1 4.9 1.8
 

* = rounds to zero

FFRDCs = federally funded research and development centers

NOTES: Article counts from set of journals covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Articles classified by year they entered the database, rather than year of publication, and assigned to sector on basis of institutional address(es) listed on article. Articles on whole-count basis, i.e., each collaborating country or sector credited one count. Articles from joint or unknown sectors omitted. Articles may have authors from more than two sectors. Articles with authors from a single sector omitted from table.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and The Patent Board™, special tabulations (2011) from Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI, http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/science/.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012