Table 5-17
S&E articles in all fields, by country/economy: 1999 and 2009
 
Rank     Country 1999     2009 Average annual change (%) 2009 world total (%) 2009 cumulative world total (%)
 
  World 610,203   788,347 2.6 na na
1   United States 188,004   208,601 1.0 26.5 26.5
2   China 15,715   74,019 16.8 9.4 35.8
3   Japan 55,274   49,627 -1.1 6.3 42.1
4   United Kingdom 46,788   45,649 -0.2 5.8 47.9
5   Germany 42,963   45,003 0.5 5.7 53.6
6   France 31,345   31,748 0.1 4.0 57.7
7   Canada 22,125   29,017 2.7 3.7 61.4
8   Italy 20,327   26,755 2.8 3.4 64.7
9   South Korea 8,478   22,271 10.1 2.8 67.6
10   Spain 14,514   21,543 4.0 2.7 70.3
11   India 10,190   19,917 6.9 2.5 72.8
12   Australia 14,341   18,923 2.8 2.4 75.2
13   Netherlands 12,168   14,866 2.0 1.9 77.1
14   Russia 17,145   14,016 -2.0 1.8 78.9
15   Taiwan 6,643   14,000 7.7 1.8 80.7
16   Brazil 5,859   12,306 7.7 1.6 82.2
17   Sweden 9,890   9,478 -0.4 1.2 83.4
18   Switzerland 8,195   9,469 1.5 1.2 84.6
19   Turkey 3,223   8,301 9.9 1.1 85.7
20   Poland 5,100   7,355 3.7 0.9 86.6
21   Belgium 5,713   7,218 2.4 0.9 87.5
22   Iran 665   6,313 25.2 0.8 88.3
23   Israel 5,929   6,304 0.6 0.8 89.1
24   Denmark 4,783   5,306 1.0 0.7 89.8
25   Finland 4,719   4,949 0.5 0.6 90.4
26   Greece 2,626   4,881 6.4 0.6 91.1
27   Austria 4,158   4,832 1.5 0.6 91.7
28   Norway 3,043   4,440 3.9 0.6 92.2
29   Singapore 1,897   4,187 8.2 0.5 92.8
30   Portugal 1,711   4,157 9.3 0.5 93.3
31   Mexico 2,884   4,128 3.7 0.5 93.8
32   Czech Republic 2,360   3,946 5.3 0.5 94.3
33   Argentina 2,636   3,655 3.3 0.5 94.8
34   New Zealand 2,915   3,188 0.9 0.4 95.2
35   South Africa 2,303   2,864 2.2 0.4 95.5
36   Ireland 1,459   2,798 6.7 0.4 95.9
37   Hungary 2,200   2,397 0.9 0.3 96.2
38   Egypt 1,293   2,247 5.7 0.3 96.5
39   Thailand 549   2,033 14.0 0.3 96.7
40   Chile 1,059   1,868 5.8 0.2 97.0
41   Ukraine 2,355   1,639 -3.6 0.2 97.2
42   Romania 917   1,367 4.1 0.2 97.4
43   Malaysia 471   1,351 11.1 0.2 97.5
44   Slovenia 708   1,234 5.7 0.2 97.7
45   Serbia NA   1,173 NA 0.1 97.8
46   Croatia 647   1,164 6.0 0.1 98.0
47   Pakistan 296   1,043 13.4 0.1 98.1
48   Tunisia 257   1,022 14.8 0.1 98.3
49   Slovakia 979   1,000 0.2 0.1 98.4
 

na = not applicable; NA = not available

NOTES: Countries/economies shown produced 1,000 articles or more in 2009. Countries/economies ranked on 2009 total. Article counts from set of journals covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Articles classified by year of publication and assigned to country/economy on basis of institutional address(es) listed on article. Articles on fractional-count basis, i.e., for articles with collaborating institutions from multiple countries/economies, each country/economy receives fractional credit on basis of proportion of its participating institutions. Detail does not add to total because of countries/economies not shown.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, and The Patent Board™, special tabulations (2011) from Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI, http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/science/. See appendix table 5-27.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012