Table 4-22
Gross expenditures on R&D by funding source, by selected country/economy: 2009 or most recent year
(Percent)
 
Country/economy Business Government Other domestic From abroad
 
United States (2009)a 59.7 31.3 7.2 1.9
China (2009) 71.7 23.4 NA 1.3
Japan (2009) 75.3 17.7 6.6 0.4
Germany (2008) 67.3 28.4 0.3 4.0
France (2008) 50.7 38.9 2.3 8.0
South Korea (2008) 72.9 25.4 1.4 0.3
United Kingdom (2009) 44.5 32.6 6.3 16.6
         
Russian Federation (2009) 26.6 66.5 0.5 6.5
India (2007) 33.9 66.1 ** NA
Italy (2008) 45.2 42.9 4.1 7.8
Canada (2009) 47.6 33.4 12.1 6.9
Brazil (2008) 43.9 54.0 2.2 NA
Taiwan (2009) 69.7 28.9 1.3 *
Spain (2008) 45.0 45.6 3.8 5.7
 

NA = not available; * = <0.05%.; ** = included in other funding sectors

aFigures for the United States in this table reflect international standards for calculating gross expenditures on R&D, which vary slightly from NSF protocol for tallying U.S. total R&D. Figures for funding from abroad based primarily on funding for business R&D.

NOTES: Top 14 R&D performing countries. Year of data listed in parentheses. Percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. For the United States, data on R&D funding from abroad are not separately identified and instead are included in sector totals. In most other countries, funding from abroad is a distinct and separate category.

SOURCES: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Main Science and Technology Indicators (2011/1). Data for Brazil and India from United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics, http://stats.uis.unesco.org/unesco/ReportFolders/ReportFolders.aspx, table 28, accessed 18 July 2011.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012