Table 4-18
Federal laboratory technology transfer activity indicators, total and selected U.S. agencies: FY 2004 and FY 2009
 
Technology transfer activity All federal labs DOD HHS DOE NASA USDA DOC
 
  FY 2009
Invention disclosures and patenting              
Inventions disclosed 4,422 831 389 1,439 1,373 153 49
Patent applications 2,080 690 156 919 126 117 19
Patents issued 1,494 404 397 520 114 21 7
Licensing              
All licenses, total active in fiscal year 10,913 432 1,584 5,752 2,497 316 40
Invention licenses 4,226 386 1,304 1,452 504 316 40
Other intellectual property licenses 6,730 46 327 4,300 1,993 0 0
Collaborative relationships for R&D              
CRADAs, total active in fiscal year 7,733 2,870 457 744 1 233 2,386
Traditional CRADAs 4,219 2,247 284 744 1 191 77
Other collaborative R&D relationships 16,319 1 0 0 2,743 9,960 3,608
               
  FY 2004
Invention disclosures and patenting              
Inventions disclosed 5,454 1,369 461 1,617 1,612 142 25
Patent applications 1,768 517 216 661 207 81 12
Patents issued 1,391 426 167 520 189 50 12
Licensing              
All licenses, total active in fiscal year 7,567 369 1,424 4,345 861 296 125
Invention licenses 3,804 364 1,173 1,362 338 296 125
Other intellectual property licenses 3,775 5 251 2,983 523 0 0
Collaborative relationships for R&D              
CRADAs, total active in fiscal year 6,015 2,833 220 610 0 205 1,969
Traditional CRADAs 3,546 2,425 119 610 0 185 67
Other collaborative R&D relationships 7,454 0 0 0 3,987 1,166 2,301
 

CRADA = Cooperative Research and Development Agreement; DOC = Department of Commerce; DOD = Department of Defense; DOE = Department of Energy; HHS = Department of Health and Human Services; NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration; USDA = U.S. Department of Agriculture

NOTES: Other federal agencies not listed but included in the All federal labs totals are the Department of Homeland Security, Department of the Interior, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, and Environmental Protection Agency. Invention licenses refers to inventions that are patented or could be patented. Other intellectual property (IP) refers to IP protected through mechanisms other than a patent, e.g., copyright. Total CRADAs refers to all agreements executed under CRADA authority (15 USC 3710a). Traditional CRADAs are collaborative R&D partnerships between a federal lab and one or more nonfederal organizations. Federal agencies have varying authorities for other kinds of collaborative R&D relationships.

SOURCE: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Federal Laboratory Technology Transfer, Fiscal Year 2009 Summary Report to the President and the Congress, March 2011, http://www.nist.gov/tpo/publications/upload/Federall-Lab-TT-Report-FY2009.pdf See also appendix table 4-38.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012