Table 4-15
U.S. trade balance in research, development, and testing services, by affiliation: 2006–09
(Millions of current U.S. dollars)
 
Affiliation 2006 2007 2008 2009
 
Total 3,534 2,593 1,142 2,481
Unaffiliated –660 –1,008 –1,473 –1,020
Affiliated 4,193 3,601 2,615 3,500
By U.S. parents from/to their foreign affiliates –334 185 –1,100 –602
By U.S. affiliates from/to their foreign parent groupsa 4,528 3,416 3,715 4,103
 

aIn addition to transactions with its foreign parent, U.S. affiliates' exports and imports include transactions with other members of their foreign parent group.

NOTES: Trade balance is exports minus imports. Positive amounts represent a trade surplus; negative amounts represent a trade deficit.

SOURCE: Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. International Services, http://www.bea.gov/international/international_services.htm, accessed 4 February 2011.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012