Table 4-4
U.S. R&D expenditures, by character of work and performing sectors: 1979–2009
 
Character of work and sector 1979 1989 1999 2004 2009
 
  $billions
All R&D 55.4 141.9 245.0 302.5 400.5
Basic 7.8 21.9 38.9 56.1 76.0
Applied 12.1 32.3 52.0 69.2 71.3
Development 35.4 87.7 154.4 177.2 253.2
           
Percent distribution
All R&D 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Basic 14.1 15.4 15.9 18.5 19.0
Applied 21.8 22.8 21.2 22.9 17.8
Development 63.9 61.8 63.0 58.6 63.2
           
Basic research 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Business 13.5 22.0 17.1 14.0 19.5
Federal intramural 14.2 10.5 8.6 8.4 7.2
FFRDCs 14.7 12.9 9.6 8.9 7.7
Universities and colleges 48.9 46.7 54.0 57.0 53.4
Other nonprofit organizations 8.8 7.9 10.8 11.8 12.2
           
Applied research 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Business 57.7 69.1 70.4 65.7 57.6
Federal intramural 20.0 11.0 10.6 10.8 11.2
FFRDCs 5.0 3.2 3.2 4.5 6.5
Universities and colleges 11.7 13.0 11.1 13.0 16.7
Other nonprofit organizations 5.6 3.6 4.7 6.1 8.0
           
Development 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Business 81.9 82.9 89.9 87.5 89.5
Federal intramural 11.1 10.7 6.0 7.2 6.9
FFRDCs 4.0 4.1 2.1 2.6 1.9
Universities and colleges 1.3 1.4 0.9 1.2 0.8
Other nonprofit organizations 1.7 0.9 1.0 1.5 1.0
 

FFRDC = federally funded research and development center

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012