Table 3-33
Scientists and engineers reporting international engagement, by demographic characteristics, education, employment sector, occupation, and salary: 2006
 
      Reporting international engagement
Characteristic Total employment   Number Percent
 
All employed scientists and engineers 18,927,000   3,157,000 16.7
Sex        
Male 10,683,000   2,293,000 21.5
Female 8,244,000   865,000 10.5
Place of birth        
U.S. born 15,714,000   2,397,000 15.3
Not U.S. born 3,213,000   761,000 23.7
Age group (years)        
≤24 619,000   86,000 13.9
25–34 3,951,000   679,000 17.2
35–44 5,169,000   1,006,000 19.5
45–54 5,381,000   886,000 16.5
55–64 3,165,000   425,000 13.4
≥65 641,000   75,000 11.8
Place of postsecondary education        
All degrees earned in United States 17,031,000   2,675,000 15.7
Degrees earned abroad and in United States 730,000   229,000 31.4
All degrees earned abroad 114,000   254,000 22.8
Highest degree        
Bachelor's 10,886,000   1,761,000 16.2
Master's 5,384,000   970,000 18.0
Professional 1,774,000   171,000 9.7
Doctorate 883,000   254,000 28.8
Employment sector        
Business/industry 13,137,000   2,653,000 20.2
For-profit 7,682,000   2,048,000 26.7
Self-employeda 3,624,000   478,000 13.2
Non-profit 1,830,000   127,000 6.9
Government 2,228,000   216,000 9.7
Federal 824,000   146,000 17.8
State/local 1,405,000   69,000 4.9
Education 3,562,000   289,000 8.1
4-year educational institutionsb 1,549,000   229,000 14.8
Other educational institutionsc 2,014,000   60,000 3.0
Occupation        
S&E occupations 5,024,000   1,416,000 28.2
Computer/mathematical scientists 2,112,000   667,000 31.6
Biological/agricultural/other life scientists 487,000   116,000 23.9
Physical scientists 334,000   80,000 23.9
Social scientists 47,000   70,000 14.8
Engineers 1,621,000   483,000 29.8
S&E-related occupations 5,246,000   394,000 7.5
Non-S&E occupations 8,657,000   1,348,000 15.6
Salary        
<$30,000 2,923,000   190,000 6.5
$30,000–49,999 4,127,000   362,000 8.8
$50,000–69,999 3,872,000   522,000 13.5
$70,000–89,999 2,986,000   636,000 21.3
$90,000–109,999 2,068,000   551,000 26.6
≥$110,000 2,950,000   897,000 30.4
 

aIncludes self-employed or business owners in incorporated or unincorporated businesses, professional practices, or farms.
b4-year educational institutions include 4-year colleges or universities, medical schools (including university-affiliated hospitals or medical centers), and university-affiliated research institutions.
cOther educational institutions include 2-year colleges, community colleges, or technical institutes and other precollege institutions.

NOTES: International engagement defined as working with individuals located in other countries during survey reference week. Scientists and engineers refers to all persons who have received a bachelor's degree or higher in an S&E or S&E-related field, plus persons holding a non-S&E bachelor's or higher degree who were employed in an S&E or S&E-related occupation in 2003. Numbers rounded to nearest 1,000. Detail may not add to total because of rounding.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT) (2006), http://sestat.nsf.gov.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012