Table 3-6
Employment sector of employed scientists and engineers, by broad occupation and degree field: 2008
(Number and percent)
 
      Occupation   Education
Employment sector All employed
scientists and
engineers
  S&E S&E related Non-S&E   Highest
degree
in S&E
  Any
degree
in S&E
 
Total (n) 19,244,000   4,874,000 5,542,000 8,828,000   10,216,000   14,145,000
Business/industry (%) 69.8   70.9 69.6 69.3   71.3   69.8
For-profit businesses 53.0   63.2 45.0 52.4   58.9   55.5
Nonprofit organizations 10.4   4.4 18.4 8.6   6.9   7.8
Self-employed, unincorporated businesses 6.4   3.3 6.1 8.3   5.5   6.5
Education (%) 18.0   16.4 21.0 17.0   15.5   17.2
4-year institutions 7.5   13.3 7.1 4.5   8.3   8.0
2-year institutions 1.0   1.6 0.6 0.9   0.9   0.9
Precollege and other institutions 9.5   1.5 13.5 11.5   6.3   8.2
Government (%) 12.2   12.7 9.4 13.7   13.2   13.0
Federal 4.5   6.1 3.4 4.4   5.3   5.0
State 3.7   3.7 2.8 4.2   4.0   3.9
Local 4.0   3.0 3.2 5.1   3.9   4.2
 

NOTE: Scientists and engineers refers to all persons who have received a bachelor's degree or higher in a science or engineering (S&E) field or S&E-related field or occupation.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT) (2008), http://sestat.nsf.gov.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2012