In high-technology goods trade, U.S. surpluses through the mid-1990s turned into substantial deficits after 1997 which reached almost $100 billion in 2010 (figure
The EU's overall high-technology trade deficit was relatively stable, though lower than that of the United States. Its communications and computers deficit, however, was almost identical to that of the U.S., reflecting the same dynamic of rising domestic demand and relocated production.
China and the Asia-8 had substantial 2010 high-technology trade surpluses of $157 billion and $226 billion, respectively, indicating that recession-induced reductions in their previous surpluses were likely to prove only temporary.
U.S. trade in commercial knowledge-intensive services and intangible assets—business, financial, and communications services, and payments of royalties and fees—has produced a consistent and growing surplus (figure