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List of Figures

List of figures by chapter, with image and source data available for download. Figures in each section can also be previewed using the thumbnail gallery view provided for each chapter.

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Overview

Figure Title Image Data
O-1 Estimated R&D expenditures worldwide: 1996–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-2 R&D expenditures for United States, EU, and Asia: 1996–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-3 R&D expenditures as share of economic output of selected countries: 1996–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-4 Average annual growth of R&D expenditures for United States, EU-27, and selected Asia-8 economies: 1996–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-5 Location of estimated worldwide R&D expenditures: 1996 and 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-6 R&D performed by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies in United States, by investing region, and performed by foreign affiliates of U.S. multinational companies, by host region: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
O-7 Tertiary-educated population 15 years old or older, by country/economy: 1980 and 2000 View Figure Download Excel file
O-8 First university degrees in natural sciences and engineering, selected countries: 1998–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
O-9 Doctoral degrees in natural sciences and engineering, selected countries: 1993–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-10 Number of researchers in selected regions/countries/economies: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-11 Average annual growth in number of researchers in selected regions/countries/economies: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-12 R&D employment of U.S.-based multinational corporations: 1994, 1999, and 2004 View Figure Download Excel file
O-13 S&E journal articles produced by selected regions/countries: 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-14 Field shares of research articles for selected countries/economies: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-15 Engineering journal articles produced by selected regions/countries: 1998–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-16 Engineering article share of total S&E article output for selected regions/countries/economies: 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-17 International coauthorship of S&E articles, by region/country: 1988–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-18 Citations in U.S. S&E articles to non-U.S. publications: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-19 Citations in Asia-10 S&E articles, by cited region/country: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-20 Citations in China S&E articles, by cited region/country: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-21 Share of region's/country's papers among world's most cited S&E articles: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-22 Share of U.S. patent grants for selected regions/countries: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-23 Share of high-value patents, for selected regions/countries: 1997–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
O-24 Value added of knowledge-intensive and high-technology industries as share of region's/country's GDP: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-25 Global value added of knowledge- and technology-intensive industries: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-26 Value added of commercial knowledge-intensive services, by selected region/country: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-27 Value added of high-technology manufacturing industries, by selected region/country: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-28 Global value added market shares of computer and office machinery manufacturing, by region/country: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
O-29 Global high-technology exports as share of production: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-30 Share of global high-technology exports, by region/country: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-31 Global export shares in information and communications technology products, by region/country: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-32 Selected Asian countries'/economies' share of high-technology exports to United States/EU and China: 1990–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-33 China's high-technology exports to selected regions/countries: 1990–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-34 Trade balance in high-technology goods for selected regions/countries: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
O-35 U.S. imports, exports, and trade balance in commercial knowledge-intensive services: 1997–2007 View Figure Download Excel file

1. Elementary and Secondary Mathematics and Science Education

Figure Title Image Data
1-1 Mathematics achievement scores of kindergartners followed through grade 8, by kindergarten mathematics score quartile and mother's education: Fall 1998–spring 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-2 Eighth graders proficient in various mathematics skill areas, by mother's education: Spring 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-3 NAEP mathematics scores of students in grades 4 and 8 at various percentiles: 1990–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-4 Average NAEP mathematics score of students in grades 4 and 8, by race/ethnicity: 1990–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-5 Students meeting various NAEP proficiency levels in mathematics, grades 4 and 8: 1990–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-6 U.S. average TIMSS scores, by grade: 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-7 Changes in selected nations' performance on TIMSS assessments, relative to U.S. performance: 1995 and 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-8 Changes in selected nations' performance on PISA assessments of 15-year-olds, relative to U.S. performance: 2000 and 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
1-9 Students in grade 4 whose teachers participated in various professional development activities in mathematics and science in the past 2 years: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
1-10 Weekly wages of full-time public school teachers and comparable workers: 1996–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
1-11 Public school students in grade 5 whose teachers of mathematics and science agreed or strongly agreed with selected statements about their schools, by student characteristics: 2004 View Figure Download Excel file
1-12 Schools and classrooms with Internet access, 1994–2005 View Figure Download Excel file
1-13 On-time graduation rates of U.S. public high school students, by race/ethnicity: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
1-14 High school graduation rates, by OECD country: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
1-15 Postsecondary experiences of the class of 2004, by advanced mathematics and science credits in high school: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
1-16 High school graduates enrolled in college in October after completing high school, by sex and type of institution: 1975–2008 View Figure Download Excel file

2. Higher Education in Science and Engineering

Figure Title Image Data
2-1 Enrollment and degrees per thousand population and per billion dollars GDP: 1970–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-2 Freshmen intending S&E major, by race/ethnicity: 1993–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
2-3 Foreign undergraduate student enrollment in U.S. universities, by top 10 places of origin and field: April 2009 View Figure Download Excel file
2-4 Engineering enrollment, by level: 1979–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-5 S&E bachelor's degrees, by field: 1993–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-6 Female share of S&E bachelor's degrees, by field: 1993–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-7 Minority share of S&E bachelor's degrees, by race/ethnicity: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-8 S&E graduate enrollment, by citizenship and race/ethnicity: 1993–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-9 Full-time S&E graduate students, by field and mechanism of primary support: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-10 Full-time S&E graduate students with primary support from federal government, by field: 1996 and 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-11 S&E master's degrees, by field: 1993–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-12 S&E master's degrees, by sex: 1993–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-13 S&E master's degrees, by race/ethnicity and citizenship: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-14 S&E doctoral degrees earned in U.S. universities, by field: 1993–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-15 S&E doctoral degrees earned by U.S. citizen and permanent resident underrepresented minorities, by race/ethnicity: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-16 S&E doctoral degrees, by sex, race/ethnicity, and citizenship: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-17 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients, by selected Asian country/economy of origin: 1987–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-18 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients, by selected Western European country: 1987–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-19 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients from Europe, by region: 1987–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-20 U.S. S&E doctoral degree recipients from Canada and Mexico: 1987–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-21 Plans of foreign recipients of U.S. S&E doctorates to stay in United States: 1987–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
2-22 Short-term stay rates of foreign recipients of U.S. S&E doctorates, by place of origin: 1996–99 and 2004–07 View Figure Download Excel file
2-23 Postdoctoral students at U.S. universities, by field: 1993–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-24 Postdoctoral students at U.S. universities, by field and citizenship status: 1993–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-25 Attainment of tertiary-type A and advanced research programs, by country and age group: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-26 First university natural sciences and engineering degrees, by selected countries: 1998–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-27 Natural sciences and engineering doctoral degrees, by selected country: 1993–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
2-28 Foreign students enrolled in tertiary education, by country: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file

3. Science and Engineering Labor Force

Figure Title Image Data
3-1 Employment in S&T occupations: 1950–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-2 Average annual growth rates of total workforce and workforce in S&E occupations: 1960–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-3 U.S. workforce in S&E occupations: 1983–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-4 Annual average growth rate of degree production and occupational employment, by S&E field: 1980–2000 View Figure Download Excel file
3-5 Educational attainment by type of occupation: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-6 S&E degree background of workers in S&E occupations: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-7 S&E degree holders working in S&E occupations, by degree field: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-8 Employed S&E degree holders in jobs related to highest degree, by years since degree: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-9 S&E bachelor's degree holders employed in jobs closely related to degree, by field and years since degree: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-10 Intersection of highest degree in S&E and S&E occupation: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-11 Measures of the S&E workforce: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-12 Distribution of S&E degree holders with R&D as major work activity, by level of education: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-13 Distribution of individuals with highest degree in S&E with R&D as major work activity, by field of highest degree: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-14 S&E doctorate holders engaged in R&D as major work activity, by years since degree: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-15 Employment sector for individuals whose highest degree is in S&E and for S&E doctorate holders: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-16 Largest sectors of employment for individuals in S&E occupations: May 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-17 Self-employment rates of workers whose highest degree is in S&E, by degree level and type of self-employment: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-18 Self-employment rates of workers whose highest degree is in S&E, by degree level and age: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-19 Self-employment rates of workers whose highest degree is in S&E, by degree level and field: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-20 Individuals with highest degree in S&E employed in private business, by employer size: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-21 Age distribution of individuals in labor force with highest degree in S&E: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-22 Age distribution of individuals in labor force with highest degree in S&E, by degree level: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-23 Cumulative age distribution of individuals in labor force whose highest degree is in S&E, by degree level: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-24 Age distribution of S&E doctorate holders in labor force: 1993 and 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-25 Employed S&E degree holders older than 50, by selected field of highest degree: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-26 Full-time labor force participation by older individuals with highest degree in S&E, by age and degree level: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-27 College-educated women and racial/ethnic minorities in S&E occupations: 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-28 Women and racial/ethnic minority doctorate holders in S&E occupations: 1990, 2000, and 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-29 Representation of women among workers whose highest degree is S&E bachelor's, by year of degree: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-30 Representation of women among workers whose highest degree is S&E doctorate, by year of doctorate: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-31 Age distribution of individuals in S&E occupations, by sex: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-32 Age distribution of doctorate holders in S&E occupations, by sex: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-33 Age distribution of individuals in S&E occupations, by race/ethnicity: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-34 Age distribution of S&E doctorate holders in S&E occupations, by race/ethnicity: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-35 Estimated differences in full-time salary between women and men with highest degree in S&E, controlling for level of degree and other characteristics: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-36 Estimated differences in full-time salary of underrepresented minorities versus non-Hispanic whites and Asians with highest degree in S&E, controlling for level of degree and other characteristics: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-37 Median salaries for bachelor's degree holders, by broad field classification and years since degree: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-38 Salary distribution of S&E degree holders employed full time, by degree level: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-39 Median salaries of S&E graduates, by degree level and years since degree: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-40 Unemployment rate, by occupation: 1983–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
3-41 Estimated unemployment rates over previous 3 months for workers in S&E occupations and selected other categories: March 2008 to September 2009 View Figure Download Excel file
3-42 Unemployment rates for individuals whose highest degree is in S&E, by years since degree: 1999 and 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-43 Involuntarily out-of-field rate of individuals whose highest degree is in S&E, by years since degree: 1993 and 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-44 Doctorate recipients holding tenure and tenure-track appointments at academic institutions 4–6 years after degree, by field: 1993–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-45 Field of doctorate of U.S.-educated S&E doctorate recipients in postdoc positions: Fall 2005 View Figure Download Excel file
3-46 U.S. S&E doctorate holders ever holding postdoc, by field and year of doctorate: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-47 Former postdocs' evaluation of how much most recent postdoc position enhanced career opportunities, by year of doctorate: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-48 Estimated number of researchers in selected regions/countries/economies: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-49 Tertiary-educated population more than 15 years old, by country: 2000 or most recent year View Figure Download Excel file
3-50 Top 11 countries of origin of persons having at least tertiary-level education and residing in OECD countries: 2000 View Figure Download Excel file
3-51 R&D employment of U.S. MNCs at their foreign affiliates and foreign MNCs at their U.S. affiliates: 1994, 1999, and 2004 View Figure Download Excel file
3-52 R&D employment of U.S. MNC parent companies in the United States and their foreign affiliates: 1994, 1999, and 2004 View Figure Download Excel file
3-53 Native-born and foreign-born workers in S&E occupations, by degree level: 2003 and 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-54 Foreign-born individuals with highest degree in S&E living in United States, by place of birth: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-55 Foreign-born S&E degree holders whose highest degree is from a foreign institution, by year of entry to United States: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-56 Foreign-born S&E degree holders, by citizenship/visa status and year of entry to United States: 1980–99 View Figure Download Excel file
3-57 Temporary work visas issued in categories that include many high-skilled workers: FY 1989–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
3-58 Occupations of new recipients of U.S. H-1B temporary work visas: FY 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-59 Country of citizenship for new recipients of U.S. H-1B temporary work visas: FY 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-60 Country of citizenship of doctorate holders who are new recipients of U.S. H-1B temporary work visas: FY 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
3-61 Five-year stay rates for recipients of U.S. S&E doctorates who have temporary U.S. visas, by place of origin and year of doctorate: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
3-A Bureau of Labor Statistics projections of increase in employment for S&E and selected other occupations: 2006–16 View Figure Download Excel file
3-B Bureau of Labor Statistics projections of 2006–16 job openings as percentage of 2006 employment View Figure Download Excel file
3-C Patenting activity rate of scientists and engineers, by broad field and level of highest degree: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-D Distribution of patenting activity of scientists and engineers, by level of highest degree: 2003 View Figure Download Excel file
3-E Entry to Japan of workers with selected classes of high-skilled temporary visas: 1990–2005 View Figure Download Excel file

4. Research and Development: National Trends and International Linkages

Figure Title Image Data
4-1 U.S. total R&D expenditures: 1953–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-2 Shares of national R&D expenditures, by performing and funding sectors: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-3 National R&D, by performing and funding sectors, 1953–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-4 National R&D expenditures, by funding source: 1953–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-5 National R&D, by character of work, and basic research, by funding and performing sectors: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-6 R&D performing sectors and funding sources, by character of work: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-7 Federal R&D budget authority, by budget function: FY 1980–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-8 Projected federal obligations for R&D, by agency and character of work: FY 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-9 Federal obligations for R&D, by performing sector: FY 1955–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-10 Federal obligations for research, by agency and major S&E field: FY 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-11 Research and experimentation credit claims as percentage of industry-funded R&D: 1990–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
4-12 National R&D expenditures and share of world total, by region: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
4-13 Gross domestic expenditures on R&D by United States, EU-27, OECD, and selected other countries: 1981–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
4-14 Composition of gross domestic product for selected countries, by sector: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-15 U.S. R&D share of gross domestic product: 1953–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
4-16 Gross expenditures on R&D as share of gross domestic product, for selected countries: 1981–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
4-17 Business R&D financed by foreign sources, for selected countries: 1981–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
4-18 Share of industrial R&D, by industry sector and selected country: 2005–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
4-19 Academic R&D financed by business for selected countries: 1981–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
4-20 R&D performed by U.S. affiliates of foreign companies in United States, by investing region, and performed by foreign affiliates of U.S. multinational corporations, by host region: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
4-21 Regional shares of R&D performed abroad by foreign affiliates of U.S. MNCs: 1994–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
4-22 R&D contracted out in United States by manufacturing companies as ratio of company-funded and -performed R&D: 1993–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
4-23 U.S. industrial technology alliances with U.S. and foreign-owned companies, worldwide, by country/region of partner: 1990–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
4-24 SBIR funding, by type: 1983–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
4-A Energy R&D budgets of national governments of selected IEA members: 1997–2007 (corrected April 2011) View Figure Download Excel file
4-B Combined energy R&D budgets of IEA members, by technology type: 1997–2007 (corrected April 2011) View Figure Download Excel file
4-C Discrepancy in U.S. performer-reported and agency-reported federal R&D: 1980–2007 View Figure Download Excel file

5. Academic Research and Development

Figure Title Image Data
5-1 Academic R&D, basic and applied research, and basic research as share of U.S. total from all performing sectors in each category: 1970–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-2 Sources of academic R&D funding: 1972–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-3 Federal and nonfederal academic R&D expenditures: 1996–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-4 Academic R&D expenditures, by field: 1998–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-5 Changes in share of academic R&D in selected S&E fields: 1990–2000 and 2000–08 View Figure Download Excel file
5-6 Federally financed academic R&D expenditures, by agency and field: FY 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-7 Sources of academic R&D funding for public and private institutions: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-8 Components of institutional R&D expenditures for public and private academic institutions: 1998–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-9 Academic R&D, by rank of university and college academic R&D expenditures: 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-10 Total and federally funded academic R&D pass-throughs: FY 2000–08 View Figure Download Excel file
5-11 Current fund expenditures for research equipment at academic institutions, by field: 1998–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-12 S&E doctorate holders employed in academia, by degree field: 1973–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-13 S&E doctorate holders, by type of academic appointment: 1973–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-14 Women as percentage of S&E doctorate holders employed in academia with research as a primary or secondary work activity, by position: Selected years, 1973–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-15 Women as percentage of full-time S&E research faculty, by field: Selected years, 1973–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-16 Minorities as percentage of S&E doctorate holders, by position: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-17 Recent S&E doctorate holders employed in academia, by position: 1979–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-18 S&E doctorate holders employed in academia 4–7 years after receiving degree, by position: 1979–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-19 S&E doctorate holders employed in academia with federal support, by years since doctorate: 1973–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
5-20 S&E article output, by major S&E publishing region/country: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
5-21 Share of world S&E articles coauthored domestically and internationally: 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-22 S&E article output of U.S. nonacademic sectors: 1996–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-23 Total, domestic, and international citations: 1992–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-24 United States, EU, China, Japan, and Asia-8 share of cited papers, by citation percentile: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-25 Index of highly cited articles, by selected field and region/country: 1998 and 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-26 U.S. academic patents, by selected technology area: 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-27 Citations in U.S. patents to S&E articles, by selected article field: 1998–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-28 Academic share of U.S. patent citations to U.S. articles, by selected field: 1998, 2003, 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-A Share of Iran's S&E articles coauthored domestically and internationally: 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
5-B U.S. academic S&E article output, S&E article author names, academic R&D expenditures, and academic R&D workforce: 1988–2007 View Figure Download Excel file

6. Industry, Technology, and the Global Marketplace

Figure Title Image Data
6-1 Global output of knowledge- and technology-intensive industries as a share of global GDP: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-2 Output of knowledge- and technology-intensive industries as a share of GDP, by selected region/country: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-3 Output of commercial knowledge-intensive services as a share of GDP, by selected region/country: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-4 Output of high-technology manufacturing and ICT industries as a share of GDP, by selected region/country:1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-5 Macroeconomic indicators, by region/country/economy: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-6 GDP per capita for developing economies: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-7 GDP per employed person, by region/country/economy: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-8 Indicators of ICT adoption and intensity: 2005 View Figure Download Excel file
6-9 Global value added of knowledge- and technology-intensive industries: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-10 Global value added of education and health services, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-11 Value added of commercial knowledge-intensive services, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-12 Global value added of commercial knowledge-intensive services, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-13 Value added of high-technology manufacturing industries, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-14 Global value added of selected high-technology manufacturing industries, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-15 Value added of ICT industries, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-16 Global production of high-technology manufacturing industries and exports of high-technology manufacturing products: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-17 Distribution of global exports of high-technology products: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-18 Global exports of high-technology products, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-19 Region/country/economy share of global exports of selected hightechnology products: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-20 Trade balance of high-technology and ICT products, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-21 United States', EU's, and Japan's imports of ICT products, by share of selected region/country/economy of origin: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-22 China's imports of ICT products, by share of selected region/country/economy of origin: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-23 Japan's exports of ICT products, by share of selected region/country/economy of destination: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-24 Asia-9, Philippines, and Singapore's exports of ICT products, by share of selected region/country/economy of destination: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-25 South Korea's, Malaysia's, and Taiwan's exports of ICT products, by share of selected region/country/economy of destination: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-26 Asia-9's, Malaysia's, and Singapore's imports of ICT products, by share of selected region/country/economy of origin: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-27 U.S. advanced technology product trade: 1992–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-28 U.S. advanced technology product trade balance and trade-weighted exchange rate: 1992–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-29 U.S. advanced technology product trade, by selected technology and region/country/economy: 2000–08 View Figure Download Excel file
6-30 U.S. advanced technology product trade balance, by selected technology and region/country/economy: 2000–08 View Figure Download Excel file
6-31 Advanced technology product share of U.S. merchandise trade, by region/country/economy: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-32 U.S. trade in commercial knowledge-intensive services: 1997–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-33 U.S. trade balance of selected commercial knowledge-intensive services, by selected industry: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-34 Globalization indicators of U.S. multinational corporations in commercial knowledge-intensive services: 1999 and 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
6-35 Globalization indicators of U.S. multinational corporations in selected high-technology manufacturing industries: 1999 and 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
6-36 U.S. share of output of U.S. ICT multinational corporations, by industry: 1999 and 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
6-37 U.S. trade in intangible assets: 1992–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-38 U.S. trade in industrial processes, by region/country/economy: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-39 Region/country/economy share of USPTO patent applications and grants: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-40 USPTO patent grants, by selected technology area: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-41 USPTO patents granted in information and communication technology, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-42 USPTO patents granted in selected technologies, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-43 Global triadic patent families, by selected region/country/economy: 1997–2006 View Figure Download Excel file
6-44 Distribution of U.S. angel investment, by financing stage: 2002–08 View Figure Download Excel file
6-45 U.S. venture capital investment, by share of investment stage: 1996–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-46 U.S. angel and venture capital investment: 2001–08 View Figure Download Excel file
6-47 U.S. angel capital investment, by selected technology areas: 2006–08 View Figure Download Excel file
6-48 U.S. venture capital investment, by share of selected technology area: 1999–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
6-49 World Bank Knowledge Economic Index, by selected region/country/economy: 1995 and 2005 View Figure Download Excel file
6-A Global apparent consumption of high-technology manufacturing industry output, by selected region/country/economy: 1995–2007 View Figure Download Excel file
6-B Components of value added and value capture View Figure Download Excel file
6-C USPTO patents granted, by ownership type: 1992, 1999, and 2008 View Figure Download Excel file

7. Science and Technology: Public Attitudes and Understanding

Figure Title Image Data
7-1 Primary source of information, by use: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-2 Primary source of information about current events, science and technology, and specific scientific issues: 2001–08 View Figure Download Excel file
7-3 Primary source of current news events and science and technology information: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-4 Public interest in selected issues: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-5 Public interest in selected science-related issues: 1979–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-6 Network nightly news coverage of science and technology: 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-7 Attendance at informal science and other cultural institutions, by institution type and education level: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-8 Correct answers to factual knowledge of science questions: 1992–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-9 Correct answers to nanotechnology questions, by factual knowledge of science: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-10 Correct answers to new factual knowledge questions, by trend factual knowledge questions: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-11 Correct answers to scientific literacy questions, by country/region: Most recent year View Figure Download Excel file
7-12 Correct answers to four questions testing concept of experiment/controlling variable, by sex: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-13 Public assessment of scientific research: 1979–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-14 Public attitudes toward government funding of scientific research: Selected years, 1981–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-15 Importance of scientific process, research credentials, and external validation to public's belief that something is scientific, by education level: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
7-16 Worry about quality of environment: 2001–08 View Figure Download Excel file
7-17 Public priorities for environmental protection versus economic growth: 1984–2009 View Figure Download Excel file
7-18 European attitudes towards energy production by nuclear power: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-19 Public attitudes toward stem cell research: 2001–08 View Figure Download Excel file
7-20 Public attitudes toward education in America: Selected years, 1981–2008 View Figure Download Excel file
7-21 Public attitudes toward conducting human health research that may inflict pain or injury to animals: Selected years, 1988–2008 View Figure Download Excel file

8. State Indicators

Figure Title Image Data
8-1 Average fourth grade mathematics performance: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-2 Students reaching proficiency in fourth grade mathematics: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-3 Average fourth grade science performance: 2005 View Figure Download Excel file
8-4 Students reaching proficiency in fourth grade science: 2005 View Figure Download Excel file
8-5 Average eighth grade mathematics performance: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-6 Students reaching proficiency in eighth grade mathematics: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-7 Average eighth grade science performance: 2005 View Figure Download Excel file
8-8 Students reaching proficiency in eighth grade science: 2005 View Figure Download Excel file
8-9 Public school teacher salaries: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-10 Elementary and secondary public school current expenditures as share of gross domestic product: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-11 Current expenditures per pupil for elementary and secondary public schools: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-12 Share of public high school students taking Advanced Placement Exams: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-13 Share of public high school students scoring 3 or higher on at least one Advanced Placement Exam: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-14 High school graduates or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-15 Bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-16 Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-17 S&E degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-18 Natural sciences and engineering degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-19 S&E graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-20 Advanced S&E degrees as share of S&E degrees conferred: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-21 Advanced natural sciences and engineering degrees as share of natural sciences and engineering degrees conferred: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-22 Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-23 Average undergraduate charge at public 4-year institutions as share of disposable personal income: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-24 State expenditures on student aid per full-time undergraduate student: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-25 Associate's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-26 Bachelor's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-27 Bachelor's degree holders potentially in the workforce: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-28 Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-29 Employed S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
8-30 Engineers as share of workforce: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-31 Life and physical scientists as share of workforce: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-32 Computer specialists as share of workforce: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-33 R&D as share of gross domestic product: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-34 Federal R&D obligations per civilian worker: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-35 Federal R&D obligations per individual in S&E occupation: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-36 State agency R&D expenditures per $1 million of gross domestic product: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-37 State agency R&D expenditures per civilian worker: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-38 State agency R&D expenditures per individual in S&E occupation: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-39 Business-performed R&D as share of private-industry output: 2007 View Figure Download Excel file
8-40 Academic R&D per $1,000 of gross domestic product: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-41 S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 employed S&E doctorate holders: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
8-42 Academic S&E article output per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia: 2008/06 View Figure Download Excel file
8-43 Academic S&E article output per $1 million of academic R&D: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-44 Academic patents awarded per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
8-45 Patents awarded per 1,000 individuals in S&E occupations: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-46 High-technology share of all business establishments: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
8-47 Net high-technology business formations as share of all business establishments: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
8-48 Employment in high-technology establishments as share of total employment: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
8-49 Average annual federal SBIR funding per $1 million of gross domestic product: 2006–08 View Figure Download Excel file
8-50 Venture capital disbursed per $1,000 of gross domestic product: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
8-51 Venture capital deals as share of high-technology business establishments: 2006 View Figure Download Excel file
8-52 Venture capital disbursed per venture capital deal: 2008 View Figure Download Excel file
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010

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