I'm Bob Karson with the discovery files--new advances in science and engineering from the National Science Foundation.
(Sound effect: bee sounds) In the last decade, scientists have reported sharp declines in bee populations. While computer models can predict theoretical scenarios of the impact, for ecologists at Emory University and the University of California, Santa Cruz, there's nothing like a little field work. (Sound effect: outdoor sounds) In this case, in a sub-alpine meadow near Crested Butte, Colorado at the Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory at 9,500 feet, there are not a lot of honeybees but during the summer this place is teeming with 11 species of bumblebees. Ten of which love a purple wildflower called a larkspur.
Marking off a series of plots of these wildflowers, the researchers were able to get up-close and personal. They evaluated each plot in its natural state and in a manipulated state, where the team painstakingly remove one species of bee. (Sound effect: cartoon bee shouts) The researchers actually followed some of the bees to monitor how behavior differed in the manipulated plots compared to the natural ones.
Removing just one bumblebee species from an ecosystem had demonstrably clear effects: Pollination was less effective and the flowers produced one-third less seeds. Apparently less competition causes less specialization. The effect is way more profound than previous computer models have shown. (Sound effect: single bee sound) To know the bee--you must be the bee.
"The discovery files" covers projects funded by the government's National Science Foundation. Federally sponsored research--brought to you, by you! Learn more at nsf.gov or on our podcast.