(Sound effect: Slow clock) Take Your Time -- It's Evolution.
I'm Bob Karson with the discovery files -- new advances in science and engineering from the National Science Foundation.
An evolutionary study of generations of bacteria reads a lot like the fable, 'the tortoise and the hare.' Led by the University of Michigan, it showed that if you're a bacteria, sometimes it's better to be a slow, adaptable tortoise than a fitness-oriented hare.
(Sound effect: storybook music) In the fable, the hare is all like full of himself and instantly gets way out front (Sound effect: cartoon ricochet) (Sound effect: hare laughs). So far ahead, he figures he can take a nap (Sound effect: cartoon snore). (Sound effect: plodding music) By the time he wakes up, the tortoise is plodding across the finish line. (Sound effect: cheers)
How does that relate to bacteria? The MSU study recorded evolutionary change over an unprecedented 52,000 generations of bacteria grown over 25 years. The team was able to clone two distinct lineages from a population of frozen e coli. (Sound effect: game show music -- applause) Welcome to bacterial family feud! And here we go!
One lineage makes a mutational move early in the game that gets them ahead initially, but closes off certain routes for later improvement and eventually winds up extinct. The other lineage is less fit early on, but over the course of several evolutionary moves, produces more beneficial mutations, overcoming its short-term disadvantage. By maintaining greater potential for further adaptation, the tortoises prevail.
"The Discovery Files" covers projects funded by the government's National Science Foundation. Federally sponsored research -- brought to you, by you! Learn more at nsf.gov or on our podcast.