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NSF's public investment in science, engineering, education and technology helps to create knowledge and sustain prosperity. Read here about the Internet, microbursts, Web browsers, extrasolar planets, and more... a panoply of discoveries and innovations that began with NSF support.

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Photo of two people excavating a sampling tunnel into Taylor Glacier. Researchers Hunt Down Antarctic Microbes
Scientists from Louisiana State University look for signs of microbial life in Antarctica's glaciers
Released  June 3, 2010
Photo of juvenile northern elephant seals on the beach at Ano Nuevo. How Penguins & Seals Survive Deep Dives
Jessica Meir goes to extreme environments to learn how birds and mammals thrive in conditions that humans cannot tolerate, and she tells readers all about it
Released  July 31, 2009
Photo of emperor penguins approaching field camp at Cape Washington, Antarctica A Season at the Penguin Ranch in Antarctica
A veteran Antarctic researcher talks about the whys and hows of studying the diving physiology and behavior of emperor penguins on the "Ice"
Released  May 19, 2008
Photo of the CTD/rosette that contains sampling bottles and instruments. How Desert Dust Feeds the World's Oceans
Scientists sample dust and trace metals in seawater to learn more about climatic change
Released  May 9, 2008
Photo shows Gretchen Hofmann and Tom Crombia carrying out a "field repair" on the rover. High School Students Build Antarctic Submersible
Two female high school graduates build an underwater, camera-equipped "rover" that can operate beneath polar ice
Released  April 14, 2008
Photo shows Sam Bowser holding a sea star found at McMurdo Sound. Clues to Waterproof Glue Found in Antarctic Creature
Understanding how forams build their shells could lead to stronger biological adhesives
Released  January 2, 2008
Photo of seal with fish in its mouth Scientists Use Seals as "Underwater Eyes"
By employing Weddell seals as "spies" through novel use of technology, Antarctic researchers have gained new insights into the behavior of two little-known fish species.
Released  July 30, 2004
Microscopic images of bacteria Bacteria May Thrive in Antarctica's Buried Lake Vostok
Two investigations suggest that bacteria may thrive in Lake Vostok, a suspected lake thousands of meters below the Antarctic ice sheet -- and that microbes could thrive in similarly hostile solar system outposts, such as Jupiter's icy moon, Europa.
Released  December 9, 2003

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