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Earth Sciences (EAR) Discoveries

NSF's public investment in science, engineering, education and technology helps to create knowledge and sustain prosperity. Read here about the Internet, microbursts, Web browsers, extrasolar planets, and more... a panoply of discoveries and innovations that began with NSF support.

Page: Previous | Next (Showing: 1-30 of 68) | Search Discoveries

drawing shwoing dinosaurs, fire and dry land Big dinosaurs steered clear of the tropics
Climate swings lasting millions of years too much for dinos
Released  June 15, 2015
cracked, dry soil Drought, heat likely to affect U.S. West's power grid
Scientists recommend looking at power plants' capacities in view of expected changes
Released  May 18, 2015
William Newman Earthquakes expose limits of scientific predictions
But math and science are refining ways to predict and limit impact of disasters
Released  May 7, 2015
Geologist Jeff Johnson working in the inner crater of Villarrica, an active volcano in Chile. Listen to the pulse of an erupting volcano: Chile's Villarrica
Scientists use infrasound instruments to record volcano's "circulation"
Released  March 13, 2015
Leaves and wood in a stream Nutrient pollution from nitrogen and phosphorus reduces streams' ability to support aquatic life
Residence time of leaves and twigs, important to stream-dwelling species, can be halved
Released  March 5, 2015
cover of Frontiers in ecology journal Drylands: Desolate, scorched, uninhabitable? Scientists say otherwise
Complex ecosystem is patchwork of grasses, shrubs, agricultural fields, urban-dwelling species, including humans
Released  February 2, 2015
citizen scientist with rain gauge in Rocky Mountains Crowdsourcing yields a more accurate picture of rainfall and snowfall
Citizen scientists involved with the CoCoRaHS project advance their knowledge of atmospheric science while reporting precipitation data that is used by the National Weather Service and other agencies
Released  January 15, 2015
Artist's reconstruction of the huge groundhog-like animal that once lived on Madagascar. Scientists discover fossil of bizarre groundhog-like mammal on Madagascar
Newly discovered fossil alters thinking on evolution of early mammals
Released  November 5, 2014
cropping patterns over north Texas Selling and buying water rights
NSF Innovation Corps awardees founded the company Mammoth Trading to provide a neutral, centralized resource
Released  October 29, 2014
ships putting out fire after the Deepwater Horizon spill. Where did the Deepwater Horizon oil go? To Davy Jones' Locker at the bottom of the sea
New analysis traces oil to its resting place on the Gulf of Mexico sea floor
Released  October 27, 2014
dunes and desert vegetation Sleeping sands of the Kalahari awaken after more than 10,000 years
Overgrazing leaves desert's red dunes blowing in the African wind
Released  October 8, 2014
Stream restoration involving reconnection of an urban waterway near Baltimore with its floodplain. A river runs through it: U.S. cities' waterways show consistent patterns of evolution
Urban waters record salt in our food, cement in our sidewalks
Released  September 10, 2014
artist's rendition showing the dinosaur's likely paleoenvironment. Paleontologists discover new species of titanosaurian dinosaur in Tanzania
Rare find of sauropod dinosaur skeleton from Africa
Released  September 8, 2014
Mark Clementz samples teeth from the lower jaw of a manatee Understanding how ancestors of today's mammals responded to climate change
Research provides valuable insights for future environmental challenges
Released  August 18, 2014
French green clays in pots, bottles and soap on a counter New answer to MRSA, other 'superbug' infections: clay minerals?
Researchers discover natural clay deposits with antibacterial properties
Released  July 17, 2014
Artist's reconstruction of Zanda Fauna from the Pliocene about three to five million years ago. "Out of Tibet" hypothesis: Cradle of evolution for cold-adapted mammals is in Tibet
Extinct Tibetan fox, ancestor of today's arctic fox, used Tibet as training ground for Ice Age climate
Released  June 11, 2014
researcher working on fossils in a lab Cougars' diverse diet helped species during ice age
New research sheds light on cougars' feeding habits
Released  April 24, 2014
Gray trees killed by bark beetles between green trees in Rocky Mountain National Park. Earth Week: Bark beetles change Rocky Mountain stream flows, affect water quality
What happens when millions of dead trees, killed by beetles, no longer need water?
Released  April 21, 2014
granite domes and conifer trees in the mountains Granite bedrock and sequoia forests 'communicate' in the Sierra Nevada
Research reveals the coevolution of life and landscapes
Released  April 3, 2014
aerial view of burning lava NSF-funded researchers use new models to explore Earth's interior
New findings from Arizona State University can help explain the geochemistry of lava
Released  March 31, 2014
Ilya Bindeman Will the Yellowstone supervolcano erupt in our lifetime?
Researcher studies the past to predict the future
Released  March 25, 2014
Closeup of fossil bone structure Snakes Alive! NSF-funded researchers find oldest fossil evidence of modern African venomous snakes
Seasonal habitats may have given rise to active hunters earlier than previously reported
Released  March 19, 2014
Photo of a white rooftop Is white--or green--the new black in cities?
How effective are white roofs, green roofs, and other urban heat-reducing technologies?
Released  March 11, 2014
Spring wildflowers with Nutrient Network fences in the mountains of southeastern Australia. Herbivores + light = more plant biodiversity in fertilized grasslands
Research on six continents shows that it all comes down to the light
Released  March 10, 2014
eruption of Fuego volcano, Guatemala Studying Mini Earthquakes Provides Clues to Volcanic Behavior
Researchers explore causes and pathways of volcanic eruptions to better predict major eruptions
Released  July 3, 2013
Mountain with dried trees in a forest overlooking Grand Lake, Colorado Ghosts of Forests Past: Bark Beetles Kill Lodgepole Pines, Affecting Entire Watersheds
Bark beetle epidemic changing water quality as well as forest health
Released  June 27, 2013
Photo of sun radiating over highway filled with cars in traffic in Phoenix Summertime: Hot Time in the City
Parks are islands of coolness in cities' urban heat
Released  June 21, 2013
Photo of smoke from a forest fire going up in to the sky Trail of Fire Leads to Less Snow, Threatened Water Resources
Scientists study New Mexico's Rabbit Mountain, where forests burned in the 2011 Las Conchas fire
Released  April 25, 2013
Image of melting snow and the text Photo Gallery Earth Week: The Search for White Gold--Snowmelt
Thin snowpack puts ecosystems and water resources in critical condition
Released  April 16, 2013
Map of Antarctica Advances in Computational Research Transform Scientific Process and Discovery
NSF-supported supercomputers enhance union between technology and the human mind
Released  March 25, 2013

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