text-only page produced automatically by LIFT Text Transcoder Skip all navigation and go to page contentSkip top navigation and go to directorate navigationSkip top navigation and go to page navigation
National Science Foundation Home National Science Foundation - Geosciences (GEO)
Geosciences (GEO)
design element
GEO Home
About GEO
Funding Opportunities
Awards
News
Events
Discoveries
Publications
Advisory Committee
Career Opportunities
GEO Education Program
See Additional GEO Resources
View GEO Staff
GEO Organizations
Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences (AGS)
Earth Sciences (EAR)
Ocean Sciences (OCE)
Polar Programs (PLR)
Proposals and Awards
Proposal and Award Policies and Procedures Guide
  Introduction
Proposal Preparation and Submission
bullet Grant Proposal Guide
  bullet Grants.gov Application Guide
Award and Administration
bullet Award and Administration Guide
Award Conditions
Other Types of Proposals
Merit Review
NSF Outreach
Policy Office
Additional GEO Resources
GEO Advisory Cmte Report on Ocean Drilling, 2012
GEO Vision, A Report of AC-GEO (10/09)
Strategic Framework for Topical Areas, 2012 (Follow on to GEO Vision)
GEO Education & Diversity Program
GEO Innovation
GEO Data Policies
Follow GEO on Twitter
U.S. Global Change Research Program
Merit Review Broader Impacts Criterion: Representative Activities
Other Site Features
Special Reports
Research Overviews
Multimedia Gallery
Classroom Resources
NSF-Wide Investments

Email this pagePrint this page

Discovery
At the Crossroads of Stem Cells and Computer Science

A Rutgers University graduate student takes readers on a journey from Piscataway, New Jersey, to Hsinchu, Taiwan, and shares some experiences with East-West collaboration, stem cell sorting and computer science

Mike Wininger at the Industrial Technology Research Institute in Hsinchu Xian, Taiwan

Mike Wininger at the Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu Xian, Taiwan.
Credit and Larger Version

March 20, 2008

My blonde hair, blue eyes and size 15 running shoes weren't the only reasons for which I was a unique attraction at the Industrial Technology Research Institute in Hsinchu Xian, Taiwan. My background in physics and mathematics meant that I was the only member of Dr. Wannhsin Chen's Stem Cell Engineering Group who had no experience culturing human embryonic stem cells.

I had come to the institute's bioengineering division as an East Asian Pacific Summer Institute summer fellow, having come from Rutgers University in New Jersey where I'm a Ph.D. student and fellow of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Integratively Engineered Biointerfaces program. I had received cutting-edge instruction for the culturing of cells, but my experience was limited to very hardy cell lines from epithelial tissues (surface cells), and my approach to cultures was more engineering than biomedical.

However, in Taiwan, my mentors were all biologists and would only mentor me as a student of biology. They were very forgiving of my utter lack of Chinese language skills, but they were much more insistent that I speak "biolog-ese." Nevertheless, the work was everything that I had been trained to do at the university--to be able to interface with the researchers in the basic sciences, and to synthesize the experience within the universe of biomedical engineering.

Part of the magic of modern tissue research is just how deftly an experienced biologist can look at an image of cells in a dish and know immediately which cells are healthy or not, differentiated or not. These qualitative--and in both labs, uncannily accurate--assessments not only confound the former physicist/entry-level culturist, but also place a concrete limit on the number of cells that can be evaluated in a day, and require valuable human resources--resources that periodically become susceptible to inaccuracies, affected by factors such as long days, nearing lunch hours or the hustle-and-bustle of a busy lab environment.

Merging statistical pattern recognition and computer vision to cell imaging, I am addressing the problem of cell sorting with novel quantitative methods. By processing hundreds of cell images and extracting salient parameters of cell size, morphology and structure, I seek to rigorously and objectively determine a stem cell's status. Experimental purity dictates that I devise my algorithm "blinded," i.e., on cell images generated by my mentors without my involvement, which is probably for the better: their cells were markedly more photogenic than mine (the only trustworthy qualitative statement this amateur can make!).

When I am finished, a computer will be able to acquire, save, filter and scan cell images, and process them for an online categorization, cell-by-cell (freeing the biologists to spend their workday innovating). The idea is either to automate the cell sorting process, increasing the through-put of cell passage, or to complement the biologist's subjective assessments. These principles underlie a number of fields of biomedical study, including automated diagnostics, pharmoaco-theraputics and even forensics.

Biology and math weren't the only things I learned during my tenure in Taiwan. I learned a lot about myself, about academia outside of the United States and about the Taiwanese people. For many of the summer fellows, it was our first time out of the country. But the training staff in Taiwan made us feel at home from the minute we arrived.

I saw the experience as an opportunity to reinvent myself as a scientist. In my round trip from Piscataway, New Jersey, to Hsinchu, Taiwan, I departed from my hometown of biomedical engineering and landed at the crossroads of stem cell biology and computer science.

-- Mike Wininger, Rutgers University wininger@eden.rutgers.edu

Editor's note: This graduate student has been funded as a NSF Integrative Graduate Education and Research trainee (IGERT) and received funding through the East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S. Graduate Students (EAPSI). The experience described is integral to the purpose of helping graduate students be globally aware and competitive.

This Behind the Scenes article was provided to LiveScience in partnership with the National Science Foundation.

Investigators
Mike Wininger

Related Institutions/Organizations
Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu Xian, Taiwan
Rutgers University New Brunswick

Locations
Taiwan
New Jersey

Related Programs
Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program
East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes for U.S. Graduate Students

Related Awards
#0714444 NSF East Asia Summer Institutes for US Graduate Students
#0333196 IGERT: Integrative Education and Research on Biointerfacial Engineering

Total Grants
$3,750,960

Related Websites
LiveScience.com: Behind the Scenes: At the Crossroad of Stem Cells and Computer Science: http://www.livescience.com/health/080111-bts-stem-cells.html
What is a Stem Cell?: /news/longurl.cfm?id=33
Top 10s: Top 10 Mysterious Diseases: http://www.livescience.com/health/top_10_diseases.html
Biotechnology Information: http://www.livescience.com/biotechnology/

border=0/


Email this pagePrint this page
Back to Top of page