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Award Abstract #1101743

ICES: Large: Meme Diffusion Through Mass Social Media

NSF Org: CCF
Division of Computing and Communication Foundations
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Initial Amendment Date: June 27, 2011
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Latest Amendment Date: January 11, 2012
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Award Number: 1101743
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Award Instrument: Standard Grant
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Program Manager: Tracy J. Kimbrel
CCF Division of Computing and Communication Foundations
CSE Direct For Computer & Info Scie & Enginr
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Start Date: July 1, 2011
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End Date: June 30, 2016 (Estimated)
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Awarded Amount to Date: $919,917.00
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Investigator(s): Filippo Menczer fil@indiana.edu (Principal Investigator)
Alessandro Flammini (Co-Principal Investigator)
Johan Bollen (Co-Principal Investigator)
Alessandro Vespignani (Co-Principal Investigator)
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Sponsor: Indiana University
509 E 3RD ST
Bloomington, IN 47401-3654 (812)855-0516
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NSF Program(s): ALGORITHMIC FOUNDATIONS,
Inter Com Sci Econ Soc S (ICE)
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Program Reference Code(s): 7796, 7924, 7932, 9251
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Program Element Code(s): 7796, 8052

ABSTRACT

The project is aimed at modeling the diffusion of information online and empirically discriminating among models of mechanisms driving the spread of memes. We explore why some ideas cause viral explosions while others are quickly forgotten. Our analysis goes beyond the traditional approach of applied epidemic diffusion processes and focuses on cascade size distributions and popularity time series in order to model the agents and processes driving the online diffusion of information, including: users and their topical interests, competition for user attention, and the chronological age of information. Completion of our project will result in a better understanding of information flow and could assist in elucidating the complex mechanisms that underlie a variety of human dynamics and organizations. The analysis will involve studying meme diffusion in large-scale social media by collecting and analyzing massive streams of public micro-blogging data.

The project stands to benefit both the research community and the public significantly. Our data will be made available via APIs and include information on meme propagation networks, statistical data, and relevant user and content features. The open-source platform we develop will be made publicly available and will be extensible to ever more research areas as a greater preponderance of human activities are replicated online. Additionally, we will create a web service open to the public for monitoring trends, bursts, and suspicious memes. This service could mitigate the diffusion of false and misleading ideas, detect hate speech and subversive propaganda, and assist in the preservation of open debate.


PUBLICATIONS PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF THIS RESEARCH

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A. Vespignani. "Modeling Dynamical Processes in Complex Socio-technical Systems," Nature Physics, v.8, 2012, p. 32. 

L. Weng, A. Flammini, A. Vespignani, and F. Menczer. "Competition among memes in a world with limited attention," Nature Scientific Reports, v.2, 2012, p. 335. 

M Conover, E Ferrara, F Menczer, and A Flammini. "The Digital Evolution of Occupy Wall Street," PLoS ONE, v.8, 2013, p. e64679. 

Delia Mocanu, Andrea Baronchelli, Nicola Perra, Bruno Gonçalves, Qian Zhang, Alessandro Vespignani. "The Twitter of Babel: Mapping World Languages through Microblogging Platforms," PLoS ONE, v.8, 2013, p. e61981. 

Zhang, Qian; Perra, Nicola; Goncalves, Bruno; Ciulla, Fabio; Vespignani, Alessandro. "Characterizing scientific production and consumption in Physics," SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v.3, 2013, p. 1640. 

Conover, Michael D.; Davis, Clayton; Ferrara, Emilio; McKelvey, Karissa; Menczer, Filippo; Flammini, Alessandro. "The Geospatial Characteristics of a Social Movement Communication Network," PLOS ONE, v.8, 2013, p. e55957. 

M. Conover, B. Goncalves, A. Flammini, and F. Menczer.. "Partisan asymmetries in online political activity," EPJ Data Science, v.1, 2012, p. 6. 

Joseph DiGrazia, Karissa McKelvey, Johan Bollen, and Fabio Rojas. "More Tweets, More Votes: Social Media as a Quantitative Indicator of Political Behavior," PLOS ONE, v.8, 2013, p. e79449.

L. Weng, F. Menczer, and Y.-Y. Ahn. "Virality Prediction and Community Structure in Social Networks," Nature Sci. Rep., v.3, 2013, p. 2522. 

Márton Karsai, Nicola Perra, Alessandro Vespignani. "Time varying networks and the weakness of strong ties," Nature Scientific Reports, v.4, 2014, p. 4001. 


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BOOKS/ONE TIME PROCEEDING

B. Goncalves, M. Conover, and F. Menczer. "Abuse of social media and political
manipulation", 07/01/2011-06/30/2012, , Markus Jakobsson"The Death of The Internet",  2012, "Wiley".

Conover, B Goncalves, J Ratkiewicz, A
Flammini, and F Menczer. "Predicting the Political Alignment of
Twitter Users", 07/01/2011-06/30/2012, "Proceedings of 3rd IEEE Conference on
Social Computing (SocialCom)"
,  2011, "IEEE".

M. D. Conover, J. Ratkiewicz, B.
Gonçalves, M. Francisco, A. Flammini, F.
Menczer. "Social Media and the Networked Public
Sphere", 07/01/2011-06/30/2012, "Workshop on Information in Networks",  2011, "http://www.winworkshop.net/".

Michael Conover, Jacob Ratkiewicz,
Matthew Francisco, Bruno Goncalves,
Alessandro Flammini, and Filippo
Menczer. "Political Polarization on Twitter", 07/01/2011-06/30/2012, "Proc. 5th International AAAI Conference
on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM)"
,  2011, "AAAI".

Jacob Ratkiewicz, Michael Conover, Mark
Meiss, Bruno Goncalves, Alessandro
Flammini, and Filippo Menczer. "Detecting and Tracking Political Abuse in
Social Media", 07/01/2011-06/30/2012, "Proc. 5th International AAAI Conference
on Weblogs and Social Media (ICWSM)"
,  2011, "AAAI".

Karissa McKelvey, Alex Rudnick, Michael
Conover, and Filippo Menczer. "Visualizing Communication on Social
Media: Making Big Data Accessible", 07/01/2011-06/30/2012, "Proc. CSCW Workshop on Collective
Intelligence as Community Discourse and
Action"
,  2012, "http://events.kmi.open.ac.uk/cscw-ci2012/programme-papers-demos/".

 

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