Master Government List of Federally Funded R&D Centers


Information on this list is current as of May 2014. Changes from the previous edition are noted below; decertified, closed, or renamed FFRDCs are listed in "Historical Notes."

View the Master Government List by grouping or download the list (90 KB)

Department of Defense

Department of the Air Force

  • Aerospace Federally Funded Research and Development Center  
    Administrator: The Aerospace Corporation
    Location: El Segundo, CA
  • Project Air Force  
    Administrator: RAND Corp.
    Location: Santa Monica, CA
    • The following portions of the RAND Corporation are FFRDCs: National Defense Research Institute (formerly Defense/Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), Project Air Force, and the Arroyo Center.

Department of the Army

  • Arroyo Center  
    Administrator: RAND Corp.
    Location: Santa Monica, CA
    • The following portions of the RAND Corporation are FFRDCs: National Defense Research Institute (formerly Defense/Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), Project Air Force, and the Arroyo Center.

Department of the Navy

National Security Agency/Central Security Service

Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering

  • Lincoln Laboratory  
    Administrator: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Location: Lexington, MA
    • On 25 April 2011 the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering became the sponsor of the Lincoln Laboratory. The previous sponsor was the Department of the Air Force.
  • National Security Engineering Center  
    Administrator: MITRE Corp.
    Location: Bedford, MA, and McLean, VA
    • On 25 April 2011 C3I Federally Funded Research and Development Center changed its name to the National Security Engineering Center, and it changed its sponsor from the Office of the Secretary of Defense to the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisitions, Technology and Logistics.
  • Software Engineering Institute  
    Administrator: Carnegie Mellon University
    Location: Pittsburgh, PA
    • On 25 April 2011 the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering became the sponsor of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI). The Office of the Secretary of Defense was the sponsor between 28 April 2010 and 24 April 2011. The Department of the Army was the sponsor between December 2004 and 27 April 2010. The Office of the Secretary of Defense was the sponsor between June 1997 and December 2004. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency was the sponsor from 1984 to June 1997.

Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisitions, Technology and Logistics

  • National Defense Research Institute  
    Administrator: RAND Corp.
    Location: Santa Monica, CA
    • On 25 April 2011 the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics became the sponsor of the National Defense Research Institute. The previous sponsor was the Office of the Secretary of Defense.
    • The following portions of the RAND Corporation are FFRDCs: National Defense Research Institute (formerly Defense/Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff), Project Air Force, and the Arroyo Center.
  • Systems and Analyses Center  
    Administrator: Institute for Defense Analyses
    Location: Alexandria, VA
    • On 11 June 2013 the Studies and Analyses Center changed its name to the Systems and Analyses Center. On 25 April 2011 the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics became the sponsor of the Studies and Analyses Center. The previous sponsor was the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

Department of Energy

  • Ames Laboratory  
    Administrator: Iowa State University of Science and Technology
    Location: Ames, IA
  • Argonne National Laboratory  
    Administrator: UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Location: Argonne, IL
    • On 1 January 2007 the Argonne National Laboratory acquired a new university administrator (UChicago Argonne, LLC). The previous administrator was the University of Chicago.
  • Brookhaven National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Location: Upton, NY
    • On 1 March 1998 Brookhaven National Laboratory acquired a new nonprofit administrator (Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC). The previous administrator was a university consortium.
  • Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory  
    Administrator: Fermi Research Alliance, LLC
    Location: Batavia, IL
    • On 1 October 2006 the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory acquired a new university administrator (Fermi Research Alliance, LLC). The previous administrator was Universities Research Association, Inc.
  • Idaho National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Location: Idaho Falls, ID
    • On 1 February 2005 the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory was renamed the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Also, INL's administrator, Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC, was renamed Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC.
  • Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory  
    Administrator: University of California
    Location: Berkeley, CA
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Location: Livermore, CA
    • On 1 October 2007 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC). The previous administrator was the University of California.
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Los Alamos National Security, LLC
    Location: Los Alamos, NM
    • On 1 June 2006 Los Alamos National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Los Alamos National Security, LLC). The previous administrator was the University of California.
  • National Renewable Energy Laboratory  
    Administrator: Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC
    Location: Golden, CO
    • On 29 July 2008 National Renewable Energy Laboratory acquired a new nonprofit administrator (Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC).
  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory  
    Administrator: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Location: Oak Ridge, TN
    • On 1 April 2000 Oak Ridge National Laboratory acquired a new nonprofit administrator (UT-Battelle, LLC). The previous administrator was the industrial firm Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corp.
  • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Location: Richland, WA
  • Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory  
    Administrator: Princeton University
    Location: Princeton, NJ
  • SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory  
    Administrator: Leland Stanford, Jr., University
    Location: Menlo Park, CA
    • On 15 October 2008 the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center was renamed the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
  • Sandia National Laboratories  
    Administrator: Sandia Corporation, a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corp.
    Location: Albuquerque, NM
  • Savannah River National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC
    Location: Aiken, SC
    • On 1 August 2007 Savannah River National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC).
  • Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility  
    Administrator: Jefferson Science Associates, LLC
    Location: Newport News, VA

Department of Health and Human Services

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

National Institutes of Health

  • Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research  
    Administrator: Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc. (formerly known as SAIC-Frederick Inc.)
    Location: Frederick, MD
    • On 27 September 2013 the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research's administrator changed names from SAIC-Frederick, Inc., a subsidiary of Science Applications International Corp to Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc. On 28 February 2012 the National Cancer Institute at Frederick (NCI-Frederick) changed its name to the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research. On 26 September 2008 NCI-Frederick acquired a single industrial firm administrator: SAIC-Frederick, Inc., a subsidiary of Science Applications International Corp. The previous administration was conducted under a system of four industrial firm contractors: SAIC-Frederick, Inc., a subsidiary of Science Applications International Corp.; Charles River Laboratories, Inc.; Data Management Services, Inc.; and Wilson Information Services, Inc. In 2001 the name of this FFRDC was changed from Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center to the National Cancer Institute at Frederick.

Department of Homeland Security

Science and Technology Directorate

Department of the Treasury

Internal Revenue Service

  • Center for Enterprise Modernization  
    Administrator: MITRE Corporation
    Location: McLean, VA
    • On 1 October 2008 the Department of Veterans Affairs was designated a co-sponsor of the Center for Enterprise Modernization. In August 2001 the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Federally Funded Research and Development Center was renamed the Center for Enterprise Modernization.

Department of Transportation

Federal Aviation Administration

Department of Veterans Affairs

Internal Revenue Service

  • Center for Enterprise Modernization  
    Administrator: MITRE Corporation
    Location: McLean, VA
    • On 1 October 2008 the Department of Veterans Affairs was designated a co-sponsor of the Center for Enterprise Modernization. In August 2001 the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Federally Funded Research and Development Center was renamed the Center for Enterprise Modernization.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

National Science Foundation

  • National Center for Atmospheric Research  
    Administrator: University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
    Location: Boulder, CO
  • National Optical Astronomy Observatory  
    Administrator: Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc.
    Location: Tucson, AZ
    • Since February 1984 this center includes three former FFRDCs: Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Kitt Peak National Observatory, and the National Solar Observatory (formerly Sacramento Peak Observatory).
  • National Radio Astronomy Observatory  
    Administrator: Associated Universities, Inc.
    Location: Charlottesville, VA
  • Science and Technology Policy Institute  
    Administrator: Institute for Defense Analyses
    Location: Washington, DC
    • On 1 December 2003 RAND Corp. was replaced by the Institute for Defense Analyses as the administrator of the Science and Technology Policy Institute.

Nuclear Regulatory Commission

United States Courts

Administrative Office of the United States Courts

Industrial Firms

  • Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research  
    Administrator: Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc. (formerly known as SAIC-Frederick Inc.)
    Location: Frederick, MD
    Sponsor: Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health
    • On 27 September 2013 the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research's administrator changed names from SAIC-Frederick, Inc., a subsidiary of Science Applications International Corp to Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc. On 28 February 2012 the National Cancer Institute at Frederick (NCI-Frederick) changed its name to the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research. On 26 September 2008 NCI-Frederick acquired a single industrial firm administrator: SAIC-Frederick, Inc., a subsidiary of Science Applications International Corp. The previous administration was conducted under a system of four industrial firm contractors: SAIC-Frederick, Inc., a subsidiary of Science Applications International Corp.; Charles River Laboratories, Inc.; Data Management Services, Inc.; and Wilson Information Services, Inc. In 2001 the name of this FFRDC was changed from Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center to the National Cancer Institute at Frederick.
  • Idaho National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Location: Idaho Falls, ID
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 February 2005 the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory was renamed the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Also, INL's administrator, Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC, was renamed Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC.
  • Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC
    Location: Livermore, CA
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 October 2007 Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC). The previous administrator was the University of California.
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Los Alamos National Security, LLC
    Location: Los Alamos, NM
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 June 2006 Los Alamos National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Los Alamos National Security, LLC). The previous administrator was the University of California.
  • Sandia National Laboratories  
    Administrator: Sandia Corporation, a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corp.
    Location: Albuquerque, NM
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
  • Savannah River National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC
    Location: Aiken, SC
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 August 2007 Savannah River National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC).

Nonprofit Institutions Other Than Universities and Colleges

Universities and Colleges, Including University Consortia

Arizona

  • National Optical Astronomy Observatory  
    Administrator: Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc.
    Location: Tucson, AZ
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
    • Since February 1984 this center includes three former FFRDCs: Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Kitt Peak National Observatory, and the National Solar Observatory (formerly Sacramento Peak Observatory).

California

Colorado

District of Columbia

Idaho

  • Idaho National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Location: Idaho Falls, ID
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 February 2005 the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory was renamed the Idaho National Laboratory (INL). Also, INL's administrator, Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC, was renamed Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC.

Illinois

  • Argonne National Laboratory  
    Administrator: UChicago Argonne, LLC
    Location: Argonne, IL
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 January 2007 the Argonne National Laboratory acquired a new university administrator (UChicago Argonne, LLC). The previous administrator was the University of Chicago.
  • Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory  
    Administrator: Fermi Research Alliance, LLC
    Location: Batavia, IL
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 October 2006 the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory acquired a new university administrator (Fermi Research Alliance, LLC). The previous administrator was Universities Research Association, Inc.

Iowa

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

  • Brookhaven National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC
    Location: Upton, NY
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 March 1998 Brookhaven National Laboratory acquired a new nonprofit administrator (Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC). The previous administrator was a university consortium.

Pennsylvania

  • Software Engineering Institute  
    Administrator: Carnegie Mellon University
    Location: Pittsburgh, PA
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering
    • On 25 April 2011 the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering became the sponsor of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI). The Office of the Secretary of Defense was the sponsor between 28 April 2010 and 24 April 2011. The Department of the Army was the sponsor between December 2004 and 27 April 2010. The Office of the Secretary of Defense was the sponsor between June 1997 and December 2004. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency was the sponsor from 1984 to June 1997.

South Carolina

  • Savannah River National Laboratory  
    Administrator: Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC
    Location: Aiken, SC
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 August 2007 Savannah River National Laboratory acquired a new industrial firm administrator (Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC).

Tennessee

  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory  
    Administrator: UT-Battelle, LLC
    Location: Oak Ridge, TN
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    • On 1 April 2000 Oak Ridge National Laboratory acquired a new nonprofit administrator (UT-Battelle, LLC). The previous administrator was the industrial firm Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corp.

Texas

Virginia

Washington

Research and development laboratories

Study and analysis centers

Systems engineering and integration centers

Definitions

The following Department of Defense definitions were used to classify the centers:

Research and development laboratories fill voids where in-house and private sector research and development centers are unable to meet agency core area needs. Specific objectives for these FFRDCs are to: (1) maintain over the long-term a competency in technology areas where the Government cannot rely on in-house or private sector capabilities, and (2) develop and transfer important new technology to the private sector so the Government can benefit from a wider, broader base of expertise. R&D laboratories engage in research programs that emphasize the evolution and demonstration of advanced concepts and technology, and the transfer or transition of technology.

Study and analysis centers deliver independent and objective analyses and advise in core areas important to their sponsors in support of policy development, decision making, alternative approaches, and new ideas on issues of significance.

System engineering and integration centers provide required support in core areas not available from sponsor's in-house technical and engineering capabilities to ensure that complex systems meet operational requirements. The centers assist with the creation and choice of system concepts and architectures, the specification of technical system and subsystem requirements and interfaces, the development and acquisition of system hardware and software, the testing and verification of performance, the integration of new capabilities, and continuous improvement of system operations and logistics. They often play a critical role in assisting their sponsors in technically formulating, initiating, and evaluating programs and activities undertaken by firms in the for-profit sector.

Source of definitions: FFRDC Management Plan, effective May 1, 1996, Department of Defense, Director of Defense Research and Engineering, pp. 2-3.


Federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) have evolved from research facilities established to meet the special needs of World War II. Until 1967 the centers were called "federal contract research centers." In that year the Federal Council for Science and Technology (FCST) set criteria for the newly named "federally funded research and development centers."

General Guidelines

The FCST Memorandum of 1 November 1967 included the following:

In general, all of the following criteria should be met by an institutional unit before it is to be included in the category "Federally Funded Research and Development Center."

  1. (a) Primary activities include one or more of the following: basic research, applied research, development, or management of R&D; specifically excluded are organizations engaged primarily in: routine quality control and testing, routine service activities, production, mapping and surveys, and information dissemination.
  2. (b) Constitute a separate organizational unit within the parent organization or is organized as a separately incorporated organization.
  3. (c) Performs actual R&D or R&D management either upon direct request of the Government or under a broad charter from the Government, but in either case under the direct monitorship of the Government.
  4. (d) Receives its major financial support (70% or more) from the Federal Government, usually from one agency.
  5. (e) Has or is expected to have a long-term relationship with its sponsoring agency (about five years or more), as evidenced by the specific obligations it and the agency assume. [1]
  6. (f) Most or all of the facilities are owned or funded for in the contract by the Government.
  7. (g) Has an average annual budget (operating and capital equipment) of at least $500,000. [2]

In 1984 the Office of Federal Procurement Policy amended the criteria to read as follows:

5.c. Federally Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC).

  1. (1) FFRDCs do not have a prescribed organizational structure. They can range from the traditional contractor-owned/contractor-operated or Government-owned/contractor-operated (GOCO) organizational structures to various degrees of contractor/Government control and ownership. In general, however, all of the following criteria should be met before an activity is identified as an FFRDC:
    1. (a) Performs, analyzes, integrates, supports (non-financial) and/or manages basic research, applied research, and/or development. (Activities primarily engaged in routine quality control and testing, routine service activities, production, mapping and surveys, and information dissemination, even though otherwise meeting the requirements of paragraph 5.c., are specifically excluded from FFRDC designation.)
    2. (b) Performance of the functions in 5.c.(1)(a) is either upon the direct request of the Government or under a broad charter from the Government, but in either case the results are directly monitored by the Government. However, the monitoring shall not be such as to create a personal services relationship, or to cause disruptions that are detrimental to the productivity and/or quality of the FFRDC's work.
    3. (c) The majority of the activity's financial support (70% or more) is received from the Government with a single agency usually predominating in that financial support.
    4. (d) In general, most or all of the facilities are owned by the Government or funded, under contract, by the Government.
    5. (e) The activity is operated, managed and/or administered by either a university or consortium of universities, other nonprofit organization or industrial firm as an autonomous organization or as an identifiable separate operating unit of a parent organization.
    6. (f) A long term relationship evidenced by specific agreement exists or is expected to exist between the operator, manager, or administrator of the activity and its primary sponsor.
  2. (2) In addition to the above criteria, the relationship between the activity and the Government should exhibit the following characteristics in order to qualify for FFRDC identification:
    1. (a) The activity (organization and/or facilities) is brought into existence at the initiative of a Government agency or bureau to meet some special research or development need which, at the time, cannot be met as effectively by existing in-house or contractor resources.
    2. (b) Work from other than a sponsoring agency is undertaken only to the extent permitted by the sponsoring agency and in accordance with the procedures of the sponsoring agency.
    3. (c) The activity, whether the operator of its own or a Government-owned facility, has access, beyond that which is common to the normal contractual relationship, to Government and/or supplier data, employees, and facilities needed to discharge its responsibilities efficiently and effectively, whether the data is sensitive/proprietary or not.
    4. (d) The primary sponsor undertakes the responsibility to assure a reasonable continuity in the level of support to the activity consistent with the agency's need for the activity and the terms of the sponsoring agreement.

    5. (e) The activity is required to conduct its business in a responsible manner befitting its special relationship with the Government, to operate in the public interest free from organizational conflict of interest, and to disclose its affairs (as an FFRDC) to the primary sponsor. [3]

Effective 1 February 2010, Federal Acquisition Regulations criteria for FFRDCs were updated as follows:

35.017 (a)

  1. (2) An FFRDC meets some special long-term research or development need which cannot be met as effectively by existing in-house or contractor resources. FFRDCs enable agencies to use private sector resources to accomplish tasks that are integral to the mission and operation of the sponsoring agency. An FFRDC, in order to discharge its responsibilities to the sponsoring agency, has access, beyond that which is common to the normal contractual relationship, to Government and supplier data, including sensitive and proprietary data, and to employees and installations equipment and real property. The FFRDC is required to conduct its business in a manner befitting its special relationship with the Government, to operate in the public interest with objectivity and independence, to be free from organizational conflicts of interest, and to have full disclosure of its affairs to the sponsoring agency. It is not the Government's intent that an FFRDC use its privileged information or access to installations equipment and real property to compete with the private sector. However, an FFRDC may perform work for other than the sponsoring agency under the Economy Act, or other applicable legislation, when the work is not otherwise available from the private sector.
  2. (3) FFRDCs are operated, managed, and/or administered by either a university or consortium of universities, other not-for-profit or nonprofit organization, or an industrial firm, as an autonomous organization or as an identifiable separate operating unit of a parent organization.
  3. (4) Long-term relationships between the Government and FFRDCs are encouraged in order to provide the continuity that will attract high-quality personnel to the FFRDC. This relationship should be of a type to encourage the FFRDC to maintain currency in its field(s) of expertise, maintain its objectivity and independence, preserve its familiarity with the needs of its sponsor(s), and provide a quick response capability.[4]

National Science Foundation Role in FFRDC Administration

In 1990 NSF was given new responsibilities under the Federal Acquisition Regulations as recorded in the Federal Register:

"35.017-6 Master list of FFRDCs.

The National Science Foundation (NSF) maintains a master Government list of FFRDCs. Primary sponsors will provide information on each FFRDC, including sponsoring agreements, mission statements, funding data, and type of R&D being performed, to the NSF upon its request for such information."[4]

Thus, NSF maintains the Master Government List of FFRDCs but does not decide which organizations meet the FFRDC criteria. Rather, NSF adds each FFRDC to the list when the head of the sponsoring agency notifies NSF in writing that he or she has approved a new FFRDC.[4]

Data Availability

NSF reports data on FFRDCs annually in the following series: Federal Funds for Research and Development (obligations for R&D and for R&D plant reported by federal agencies) and FFRDC R&D Expenditures (FFRDC-reported data). NSF has maintained a list of federal contract research centers since the 1950s and, since 1967, a list of FFRDCs.

NSF also reports data on the demographic characteristics, research fields, and sources of support of postdoctoral researchers (postdocs) employed at FFRDCs in the annual series Postdocs at Federally Funded R&D Centers.

Footnotes

[1] In practice, agencies review their need for each FFRDC at least once every 5 years. The period of performance for FFRDC contracts ranges from 1 to 5 years.

[2] Hornig DF. 1967. Memorandum to members of Federal Council for Science and Technology. Subject: Federally funded research and development centers. Unpublished memorandum from the Federal Council for Science and Technology, Executive Office of the President, Washington DC, 1 November.

[3] Sowle DE. 1984. OFPP Policy Letter 84–1 to the Heads of Executive Departments and Establishments. Subject: Federally funded research and development centers. Letter from the Executive Office of the President, Office of Management and Budget, Office of Federal Procurement Policy, Washington, DC, 4 April.

[4] General Services Administration. 2014. Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). Effective 30 January 2014. http://www.acquisition.gov/far/current/html/Subpart 35_0.html#wp1085247

Decertifications, closures and renaming, and other associated notes.

  • Analytic Services, Inc.
    Administrator: ANSER
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Air Force
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1977.
  • Appalachia Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Applied Physics Laboratory
    Administrator: Johns Hopkins University
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Navy
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1978.
  • Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission
    Administrator: National Academy of Sciences
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Phased out as FFRDC in April 1975.
  • C3I Federally Funded Research and Development Center
    Administrator: MITRE Corp.
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering
    Renamed the National Security Engineering Center 25 April 2011.
  • Cambridge Electron Accelerator
    Administrator: Harvard University and MIT
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Closed down in 1974.
  • Center for Educational Policy Research
    Administrator: Stanford Research Institute
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for Enterprise Modernization
    Administrator: MITRE, Corp.
    Sponsor: Department of the Treasury, Department of Veteran Affairs, Internal Revenue Service
    On 1 October 2008 the Department of Veterans Affairs was designated a co-sponsor of the Center for Enterprise Modernization.
  • Center for Research and Development for Learning and Re-Education
    Administrator: University of Wisconsin
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for Research in Social Systems
    Administrator: American University
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Army
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1970.
  • Center for Urban Education
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
    Became part of National Optical Astronomy Observatories in 1984.
  • Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility
    Administrator: Southeastern Universities Research Association, Inc.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Renamed Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in May 1996.
  • Cooperative Educational Research Laboratory, Inc.
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Critical Technologies Institute
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
    Renamed The Science and Technology Policy Institute 1 October 1998.
  • Eastern Regional Institute for Education
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Electromagnetic Compatibility Analysis Center
    Administrator: IIT Research Institute
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Air Force
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1972.
  • Energy Technology Engineering Center
    Administrator: Rockwell International Corp.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Closed out in November 1995.
  • Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center
    Administrator: Science Applications International Corp.; Charles River Laboratories, Inc.; Data Management Services, Inc.; Wilson Information Services, Inc.
    Sponsor: Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health
    Renamed the National Cancer Institute at Frederick in 2001.
  • Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory
    Administrator: Westinghouse Hanford Co.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in October 1992. Hanford included the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor program beginning in December 1971.
  • Homeland Security Institute
    Administrator: Analytic Services, Inc.
    Sponsor: Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate
    The Homeland Security Institute (HSI) was operational from 26 April 2004 to 25 April 2009. On 5 March 2009 the HSI was replaced by two new FFRDCs: the Homeland Security Studies and Analysis Institute and the Homeland Security Systems Engineering Development Institute.
  • Hudson Laboratories
    Administrator: Columbia University
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Navy
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Idaho National Engineering Laboratory
    Administrator: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Renamed Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in spring 1997.
  • Institute for Advanced Technologies
    Administrator: University of Texas
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Army
    Phased out as FFRDC November 1993.
  • Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Federally Funded Research and Development Center
    Administrator: MITRE, Corp.
    Sponsor: Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service
    Renamed the Center for Enterprise Modernization August 2001
  • Kitt Peak National Observatory
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
    Became part of National Optical Astronomy Observatories in 1984.
  • Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory
    Administrator: General Electric Co.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in October 1992.
  • Learning Research and Development Center
    Administrator: University of Pittsburgh
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Liquid Metal Engineering Center
    Administrator: Rockwell International Corp.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Became Energy Technology Engineering Center in FY 1980.
  • Logistics Management Institute
    Administrator: Logistics Management Institute
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense
    Decertified as FFRDC 24 September 1998.
  • Michigan-Ohio Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Mound Laboratory
    Administrator: Monsanto Chemical Co.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1982.
  • National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center
    Administrator: Cornell University
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
    Decertified as FFRDC 1 October 2011.
  • National Cancer Institute at Frederick
    Administrator: SAIC-Frederick Inc., a subsidiary of the Science Applications International Corp.
    Sponsor: Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health
    Renamed the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research 28 February 2012
  • National Laboratory for Higher Education
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • National Reactor Testing Station
    Administrator: Aerojet Nuclear Corp.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Renamed Idaho National Engineering Laboratory in 1974.
  • National Solar Observatory/Sacramento Peak Observatory
    Sponsor: National Science Foundation
    Became part of National Optical Astronomy Observatories in 1984.
  • Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education
    Administrator: Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in February 1999.
  • Ordnance Research Laboratory
    Administrator: Pennsylvania State University
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Navy
    Renamed Applied Research Laboratory in 1973.
  • Policy Research Center
    Administrator: Syracuse University Research Corporation
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Princeton-Pennsylvania Proton Accelerator
    Administrator: Princeton University and University of Pennsylvania
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1971.
  • Regional Educational Laboratory for the Carolinas and Virginia
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Renamed National Laboratory for Higher Education in FY 1971.
  • Research Analysis Corporation
    Administrator: Research Analysis Corporation
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Department of the Army
    Phased out as FFRDC 1 September 1972.
  • Research and Development Center in Educational Stimulation
    Administrator: University of Georgia
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Savannah River Technology Center
    Administrator: Westinghouse Savannah River Co.
    Sponsor: Department of Energy
    Renamed Savannah River National Laboratory 8 December 2005.
  • Solar Energy Research Institute
    Administrator: Midwest Research Institute
    Sponsor: Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission
    Renamed National Renewable Energy Laboratory in September 1991.
  • South Central Regional Educational Laboratory Corporation
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Space Radiation Effects Laboratory
    Administrator: College of William and Mary
    Sponsor: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs List in FY 1979.
  • Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching
    Administrator: Stanford University
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Studies and Analyses Center
    Administrator: Institute for Defense Analyses
    Sponsor: Department of Defense, Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisitions, Technology and Logistics
    On 11 June 2013 the Studies and Analyses Center changed its name to the Systems and Analyses Center.
  • Tax Systems Modernization Institute
    Administrator: IIT Research Institute
    Sponsor: Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service
    Replaced by Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Federally Funded Research and Development Center in October 1998.
  • The Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development.
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Sponsor: Department of Health, Education and Welfare, Office of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.

Department of Defense

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering

  • C3I Federally Funded Research and Development Center
    Administrator: MITRE Corp.
    Renamed the National Security Engineering Center 25 April 2011.

Department of the Air Force

  • Analytic Services, Inc.
    Administrator: ANSER
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1977.
  • Electromagnetic Compatibility Analysis Center
    Administrator: IIT Research Institute
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1972.

Department of the Army

  • Army Mathematics Research Center
    Administrator: University of Wisconsin
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1970.
  • Center for Research in Social Systems
    Administrator: American University
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1970.
  • Human Resources Research Office/Organization
    Administrator: George Washington University
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Institute for Advanced Technologies
    Administrator: University of Texas
    Phased out as FFRDC November 1993.
  • Research Analysis Corporation
    Administrator: Research Analysis Corporation
    Phased out as FFRDC 1 September 1972.

Department of the Navy

  • Applied Physics Laboratory
    Administrator: Johns Hopkins University
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1978.
  • Applied Physics Laboratory
    Administrator: University of Washington
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1974.
  • Applied Research Laboratory
    Administrator: Pennsylvania State University
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1978.
  • Hudson Laboratories
    Administrator: Columbia University
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Ordnance Research Laboratory
    Administrator: Pennsylvania State University
    Renamed Applied Research Laboratory in 1973.

National Security Agency/Central Security Service

  • Institute for Defense Analyses Communications and Computing
    Administrator: Institute for Defense Analyses
    In FY 2009 the name was changed to the Center for Communications and Computing to avoid confusion between the two Department of Defense FFRDCs administered by the Institute for Defense Analyses. Although the Institute for Defense Analyses Communications and Computing has been in existence since 1956, the Department of Defense did not add it to the Master Government List of FFRDCs until October 1995.

Office of the Secretary of Defense

  • Institute for Defense Analyses Studies and Analyses
    Administrator: Institute for Defense Analyses
    In FY 2009 the name was changed to the Studies and Analysis Center to avoid confusion between the two Department of Defense FFRDCs administered by the Institute for Defense Analyses.
  • Logistics Management Institute
    Administrator: Logistics Management Institute
    Decertified as FFRDC 24 September 1998.

Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisitions, Technology and Logistics

  • Studies and Analyses Center
    Administrator: Institute for Defense Analyses
    On 11 June 2013 the Studies and Analyses Center changed its name to the Systems and Analyses Center.

Department of Energy

  • Savannah River Technology Center
    Administrator: Westinghouse Savannah River Co.
    Renamed Savannah River National Laboratory 8 December 2005.

Department of Energy/Atomic Energy Commission

  • Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission
    Administrator: National Academy of Sciences
    Phased out as FFRDC in April 1975.
  • Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory
    Administrator: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in October 1992.
  • Cambridge Electron Accelerator
    Administrator: Harvard University and MIT
    Closed down in 1974.
  • Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility
    Administrator: Southeastern Universities Research Association, Inc.
    Renamed Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in May 1996.
  • Energy Technology Engineering Center
    Administrator: Rockwell International Corp.
    Closed out in November 1995.
  • Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory
    Administrator: Westinghouse Hanford Co.
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in October 1992. Hanford included the Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor program beginning in December 1971.
  • Holifield National Laboratory
    Administrator: Union Carbide Corp.
    Renamed Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1976.
  • Idaho National Engineering Laboratory
    Administrator: Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company
    Renamed Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory in spring 1997.
  • Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory
    Administrator: Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC
    Renamed Idaho National Laboratory (INL) on 1 February 2005. Also, INL's administrator, Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC, was renamed Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC, in February 2005. As of 1 October 1999 Lockheed Martin was replaced by Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC, as the administrator.
  • Inhalation Technology Research Institute
    Administrator: Lovelace Institutes
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in May 1996.
  • Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory
    Administrator: General Electric Co.
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in October 1992.
  • Liquid Metal Engineering Center
    Administrator: Rockwell International Corp.
    Became Energy Technology Engineering Center in FY 1980.
  • Mound Laboratory
    Administrator: Monsanto Chemical Co.
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in FY 1982.
  • National Accelerator Laboratory
    Administrator: Universities Research Association, Inc.
    Renamed Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory 11 May 1974.
  • National Reactor Testing Station
    Administrator: Aerojet Nuclear Corp.
    Renamed Idaho National Engineering Laboratory in 1974.
  • Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education
    Administrator: Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Inc.
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs in February 1999.
  • Princeton-Pennsylvania Proton Accelerator
    Administrator: Princeton University and University of Pennsylvania
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1971.
  • Solar Energy Research Institute
    Administrator: Midwest Research Institute
    Renamed National Renewable Energy Laboratory in September 1991.

Department of Health and Human Services

National Institutes of Health

  • Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center
    Administrator: Science Applications International Corp.; Charles River Laboratories, Inc.; Data Management Services, Inc.; Wilson Information Services, Inc.
    Renamed the National Cancer Institute at Frederick in 2001.
  • National Cancer Institute at Frederick
    Administrator: SAIC-Frederick Inc., a subsidiary of the Science Applications International Corp.
    Renamed the Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research 28 February 2012

Department of Health, Education and Welfare

Office of Education

  • Appalachia Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for Educational Policy Research
    Administrator: Stanford Research Institute
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for Research and Development for Learning and Re-Education
    Administrator: University of Wisconsin
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for Research and Development in Higher Education
    Administrator: University of California
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for Urban Education
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for the Advanced Study of Educational Administration
    Administrator: University of Oregon
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools and the Learning Process
    Administrator: Johns Hopkins University
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Center for the Study of the Evaluation of Instructional Programs
    Administrator: University of California
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Central Atlantic Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Central Midwestern Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Cooperative Educational Research Laboratory, Inc.
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Coordination Center for the National Program in Early Childhood Education
    Administrator: University of Illinois
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Eastern Regional Institute for Education
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Educational Development Center, Inc.
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Learning Research and Development Center
    Administrator: University of Pittsburgh
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Michigan-Ohio Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Mid-Continent Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • National Laboratory for Higher Education
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Policy Research Center
    Administrator: Syracuse University Research Corporation
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Regional Educational Laboratory for the Carolinas and Virginia
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Renamed National Laboratory for Higher Education in FY 1971.
  • Research and Development Center in Educational Stimulation
    Administrator: University of Georgia
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Research and Development Center in Teacher Education
    Administrator: University of Texas
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Research for Better Schools, Inc.
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Rocky Mountain Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • South Central Regional Educational Laboratory Corporation
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1969.
  • Southeastern Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Southwest Educational Development Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Southwest Regional Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Southwestern Cooperative Educational Laboratory
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Stanford Center for Research and Development in Teaching
    Administrator: Stanford University
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • The Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development.
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.
  • Upper Midwest Regional Educational Laboratory, Inc.
    Administrator: National Institute of Education
    Phased out as FFRDC at end of FY 1972.

Department of Homeland Security

Science and Technology Directorate

  • Homeland Security Institute
    Administrator: Analytic Services, Inc.
    The Homeland Security Institute (HSI) was operational from 26 April 2004 to 25 April 2009. On 5 March 2009 the HSI was replaced by two new FFRDCs: the Homeland Security Studies and Analysis Institute and the Homeland Security Systems Engineering Development Institute.

Department of the Treasury

Internal Revenue Service

  • Center for Enterprise Modernization
    Administrator: MITRE, Corp.
    On 1 October 2008 the Department of Veterans Affairs was designated a co-sponsor of the Center for Enterprise Modernization.
  • Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Federally Funded Research and Development Center
    Administrator: MITRE, Corp.
    Renamed the Center for Enterprise Modernization August 2001
  • Tax Systems Modernization Institute
    Administrator: IIT Research Institute
    Replaced by Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Federally Funded Research and Development Center in October 1998.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  • Space Radiation Effects Laboratory
    Administrator: College of William and Mary
    Removed from the Master Government List of FFRDCs List in FY 1979.

National Science Foundation

  • Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory
    Became part of National Optical Astronomy Observatories in 1984.
  • Critical Technologies Institute
    Renamed The Science and Technology Policy Institute 1 October 1998.
  • Kitt Peak National Observatory
    Became part of National Optical Astronomy Observatories in 1984.
  • National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center
    Administrator: Cornell University
    Decertified as FFRDC 1 October 2011.
  • National Solar Observatory/Sacramento Peak Observatory
    Became part of National Optical Astronomy Observatories in 1984.


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