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Arctic & Antarctic Discoveries

NSF's public investment in science, engineering, education and technology helps to create knowledge and sustain prosperity. Read here about the Internet, microbursts, Web browsers, extrasolar planets, and more... a panoply of discoveries and innovations that began with NSF support.

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Showing: 1-26 of 26

undergraduate student acqu with a gravitometer in a port Geomagnetic reversal: Understanding ancient flips and flops in Earth's polarity
Researcher boards R/V Sikuliaq to gather data about Earth's geomagnetic history
Released  December 19, 2014
image of penguins near the ocean water Adélie Penguins Cope With Climate Change
Facing the future: it all depends on sea ice
Released  February 6, 2013
Image of Roald Amundsen. A Legacy of the Race to the South Pole: New Scientific Discoveries in Antarctica
Forbidding though Antarctica is, the stations located there are nevertheless irresistibly inviting to scientists, as Antarctica supports a cornucopia of unique life-forms, geologic wonders, and marine and atmospheric conditions
Released  May 31, 2012
Photo of a student observing patterns of flowering and pollinators. Novel Answer to That Perennial "Earth Day" Question: "What Can I Do to Help?"
Groups of citizen scientists are making pivotal contributions to research on the Earth, its place in the universe and other natural phenomena
Released  April 19, 2012
Model simulation of carbon monoxide in the middle and upper troposphere in March-April 2010. A HIPPO Takes to the Skies to Taste Earth's Atmosphere
The HIAPER Pole-to-Pole Observation (HIPPO) project generated an extraordinarily detailed mapping of the global distribution of greenhouse gases, black carbon and related chemical species in the atmosphere
Released  October 25, 2011
Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears logo. Beyond Penguins and Polar Bears Covers Diverse Scientific Themes and Lessons
SPORE-award winning online magazine provides teachers with lessons about the polar regions and beyond
Released  August 31, 2011
Photo of Gregory Lehn and Matt Knhosh talking with co-principal investigator Jim McClelland. Permafrost Could Be Climate's Ticking Time Bomb
Researchers conduct fieldwork to track permafrost melting in Alaska and gain insight about the release of carbon into the atmosphere
Released  August 5, 2009
Photo of Randy Davis discussing his research on Weddell seals. More and More Scientists Serve Up Science for Mass Consumption
Scientists use innovative, barrier-busting methods to educate the public and decision-makers about cutting-edge science
Released  March 16, 2009
Eight thumbnail images and 2008 in Review 2008: Year in Review
A look back at some of the NSF-supported advances and activities that made news last year
Released  March 13, 2009
Researchers collect data in Greenland. Researchers Peek Under Ice Sheets for Clues on Climate Change
Synthetic aperture radar technology provides world-class data
Released  December 18, 2008
Photo of the researchers' field camp in Greenland. Glacier Movement Limits How Fast Sea Level Can Rise
Study finds 3 to 6 feet by 2100 possible
Released  September 18, 2008
Photo of emperor penguins approaching field camp at Cape Washington, Antarctica A Season at the Penguin Ranch in Antarctica
A veteran Antarctic researcher talks about the whys and hows of studying the diving physiology and behavior of emperor penguins on the "Ice"
Released  May 19, 2008
Photo of the view from the driver's seat, or the "bridge," on the R/V Roger Revelle. For Better or Worse, Modern Ocean Explorers Stay Connected
Improvements in shipboard communications mean scientists can keep in constant touch, even when their research takes them to remote locations
Released  April 28, 2008
Photo shows Gretchen Hofmann and Tom Crombia carrying out a "field repair" on the rover. High School Students Build Antarctic Submersible
Two female high school graduates build an underwater, camera-equipped "rover" that can operate beneath polar ice
Released  April 14, 2008
2007 In Review 2007: Year in Review
A look back at some of the NSF-supported advances and activities reported last year
Released  January 30, 2008
Photo shows Sam Bowser holding a sea star found at McMurdo Sound. Clues to Waterproof Glue Found in Antarctic Creature
Understanding how forams build their shells could lead to stronger biological adhesives
Released  January 2, 2008
Photo shows group of children with 5000-year-old mud on snowy surface Getting to the Core of Climate Change
Graduate student tells how University at Buffalo geologists communicate their research on climatic change and its impact to local people
Released  October 26, 2007
Ice shelf and sea Demise of Antarctic Ice Shelf Reveals New Life
A research expedition to the site of the former Larsen B ice shelf leads to the discovery of an underwater habitat surviving in the most extreme conditions
Released  July 26, 2007
2006 in Review 2006: Year in Review
A look back at some of the NSF-supported activities highlighted last year
Released  January 9, 2007
NSF South Pole research station Cold Flashes: Astrophysics at the South Pole
What one scientist calls the world’s weirdest telescope was built to detect high-energy particles, not the light from distant stars. In 1997, AMANDA recorded the first precise map of neutrinos from outer space as they zipped through Antarctic ice.
Released  October 13, 2004
Photo of seal with fish in its mouth Scientists Use Seals as "Underwater Eyes"
By employing Weddell seals as "spies" through novel use of technology, Antarctic researchers have gained new insights into the behavior of two little-known fish species.
Released  July 30, 2004
researcher in lab Arctic Carbon a Potential Wild Card in Climate Change Scenarios
An international team of scientists has determined that most of the 28 million tons of carbon that enters the Arctic Ocean each year is young and unlikely to affect the global climate balance. However, Arctic warming trends could change the equation.
Released  July 30, 2004
Scientists drill into frozen Siberian peat bogs to determine the bogs' impact on climate. Arctic Thaw May Release Greenhouse Gases from Siberian Peat Bogs
Siberian peat bogs, the frozen home of untold kilometers of moss and hordes of mosquitoes, are huge repositories for gases that are thought to play an important role in the Earth's climate balance, according to a team of U.S. and Russian scientists.
Released  July 27, 2004
diver from Norbert Wu's Antarctic team and a medusa (Desmonema glaciale) beneath the ice Antarctic Treasure: The Underwater Images of Norbert Wu
Each year NSF enables a select group of artists to visit Antarctica. Norbert Wu, a world-renowned photographer and cinematographer, returned with new views of an otherworldly realm in his spectacular high definition film, "Under Antarctic Ice."
Released  July 9, 2004
Group of researchers on James Ross Island Antarctica Yields Two Unknown Dinosaur Species
Antarctic researchers in separate sites, thousands of miles apart, find what they believe are the fossilized remains of two species of dinosaurs previously unknown to science.
Released  June 9, 2004
Microscopic images of bacteria Bacteria May Thrive in Antarctica's Buried Lake Vostok
Two investigations suggest that bacteria may thrive in Lake Vostok, a suspected lake thousands of meters below the Antarctic ice sheet -- and that microbes could thrive in similarly hostile solar system outposts, such as Jupiter's icy moon, Europa.
Released  December 9, 2003

Showing: 1-26 of 26

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